India based Neutrino Observatory

  • IASbaba
  • September 30, 2020
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India based Neutrino Observatory

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Achievements of Indians in Sci & Technology 

In news

  • An India based Neutrino Observatory (INO) is going to be set up in Bodi West Hills, in Theni district, Tamil Nadu.
  • Funded by: Dept. of Atomic Energy (DAE) and the Dept. of Science and Technology (DST).

Key takeaways

  • Objective: To observe neutrinos and antineutrinos produced in the atmosphere of the Earth.
  • Features: The project includes: (1) Underground laboratory and associated surface facilities at Bodi West Hills; (2) Construction of a magnetized Iron Calorimeter (ICAL) detector for studying neutrinos.
  • Advantages: (1) This observation will tell us more about the properties of neutrino particles; (2) This will also help in developing a model of physics beyond the so-called Standard Model of Particle Physics; (3) It would also have a great impact on diverse fields such as nuclear and particle physics, astrophysics and cosmology, medical imaging etc.

Do you know?

  • INO Project is a multi-institutional effort aimed at building a world-class underground laboratory with a rock cover of approx. 1200 m for non-accelerator based high energy and nuclear physics research in India.
  • National Neutrino Collaboration group (NNCG) includes more than 50 scientists from about 15 Institutes and Universities in India.
  • It is tasked with detailing various aspects related to INO activity and to come up with a proposal for an underground neutrino laboratory.

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