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Congo Fever Alert in Maharashtra raised

  • IASbaba
  • October 3, 2020
  • 0
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Congo Fever Alert in Maharashtra raised

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II – Health

In news

  • There might be a possible spread of the Congo fever in the Maharashtra districtof Palghar.

Important value additions

Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever (CCHF)

  • Cause: It is caused by a tick-borne virus (Nairovirus) of the Bunyaviridae family.
  • Transmission: It is transmitted through bite of Hyalomma tick, an external parasite, living by feeding on the blood of mammals, birds etc.
  • Human-to-human transmission: Close contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected persons.
  • Virus can lead to epidemics, with a high case fatality ratio (10-40%).
  • CCHF is endemic in all of Africa, the Balkans, the Middle East and in Asia.
  • Symptoms: Fever, bodyache, dizziness, sore eyes and photophobia (sensitivity to light).
  • Treatment: (1) The antiviral drug ribavirin has been used to treat CCHF infection with apparent benefit; (2) There are no vaccines widely available for human or animal use.

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