Status Of Leopards Report released

  • IASbaba
  • December 23, 2020
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Status Of Leopards Report released

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Environment; Biodiversity

In news

  • Union Minister for Environment released the Status of Leopards report.

Key takeaways 

  • The leopard population has been estimated using camera trapping method.
  • There are 12,852 leopards in India as of 2018 as compared to the previous estimate of 7910 conducted in 2014, an increase of 60% in 4 years.
  • The highest concentration of the leopard in India is estimated to be in Madhya Pradesh (3,421) followed by Karnataka (1,783) and Maharashtra (1,690).
  • Recent meta-analyses of leopard status and distribution suggest 48–67% range loss for the species in Africa and 83–87% in Asia.
  • In India, leopards have experienced a possibly human-induced 75-90% population decline in the last ~120-200 years.
  • In Indian subcontinent, poaching, habitat loss, depletion of natural prey and conflict are major threats to leopard populations. 
  • All these have resulted in changing the species status from ‘Near Threatened’ to ‘Vulnerable’ by the IUCN.
  • As for region-wise distribution, the highest number of 8,071 leopards were found in central India and eastern ghats. 
  • In the northeast hills, there are just 141 leopards.

Do you know? 

  • The leopard was estimated across forested habitats in tiger range areas of the country but other leopard occupied areas such as non-forested habitats, higher elevations in the Himalayas, arid landscapes and majority of North East landscape were not sampled.
  • Therefore, the population estimation should be considered as minimum number of leopards in each of the landscapes.

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