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The Transboundary Manas Conservation Area receives the Conservation Excellence Award, 2020

  • IASbaba
  • December 1, 2020
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The Transboundary Manas Conservation Area receives the Conservation Excellence Award, 2020

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Tiger Reserves; Wildlife Conservation

In news

  • Recently, The Transboundary Manas Conservation Area receives the Conservation Excellence Award, 2020.

Key takeaways

  • Conservation Excellence Award recognises one site that has achieved excellence in two or more of these five themes: (1) Tiger and prey population monitoring and research; (2) Effective site management; (3) Enhanced law enforcement & protection & ranger welfare improvement; (4) Community based conservation, benefits and human-wildlife conflict mitigation; (5) Habitat and prey management.

Important value addition

Transboundary Manas Conservation Area (TraMCA)

  • It was established in 2011. 
  • Vision: To jointly develop and manage a transboundary conservation area between Bhutan and India, for the benefit of people and wildlife.
  • The TraMCA landscape forms a vital mosaic of conservation spaces across the Eastern Himalayas.
  • It covers the entire Manas Tiger Reserve in India, four protected areas in Bhutan and also two biological corridors.
  • The Manas Tiger Reserve in India and Royal Manas National Park in Bhutan form the core of this biologically outstanding trans-boundary region. 
  • It is home to tigers, elephants, rhinos and more than 1,500 species of mammals, birds and vascular plants.
  • The Manas River also flows through them. 
  • The number of Tigers in the Indian Manas increased from 9 in 2010 to 25 in 2018 
  • In the Bhutan Manas, the number more than doubled from 12 in 2008 to 26 in 2018.

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