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World AIDS Day 2020

  • IASbaba
  • December 2, 2020
  • 0
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World AIDS Day 2020

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II – Health

In news

  • The World AIDS Day is observed on 1st December every year all over the world.

Key takeaways

  • It was founded in 1988 by the World Health Organization (WHO).
  • Theme for 2020: “Global solidarity, resilient HIV services.”
  • In 2019, 6,90,000 people died from HIV-related causes and 1.7 million people were newly infected, with nearly 62% of these new infections occurring among key populations and their partners.

Important value addition

  • AIDS is a pandemic disease caused by the infection of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which damages the human immune system.
  • It is a chronic, potentially life-threatening condition.
  • By damaging immune system, HIV interferes with the body’s ability to fight infection and disease.
  • The virus can be transmitted through contact with infected blood, semen or vaginal fluids.
  • AIDS symptoms include weight loss, fever or night sweats, fatigue and recurrent infections.
  • No cure exists for AIDS.
  • Strict adherence to antiretroviral regimens (ARVs) can slow the disease’s progress and prevent secondary infections and complications.

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