Production of Urea through coal gasification

  • IASbaba
  • April 23, 2021
  • 0
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Production of Urea through coal gasification

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III Economy 

In news

  • Union Cabinet has given its approval for the proposal of the Department of Fertilizers. 
  • It had proposed for the formulation of a subsidy policy for Urea produced through coal gasification by Talcher Fertilizers Limited (TFL).

Key takeaways 

  • Considering the strategic energy security and urea self-sufficiency of India and looking into vast coal reserves, it has been decided to go ahead with TFL plant based on coal gasification technology.
  • The project shall improve availability of fertilizer to farmers thereby boosting development of eastern region and will save transport subsidy for supply of urea in the region.
  • It would assist in reducing Urea imports to the tune of 12.7 LMT per annum leading to savings in foreign exchange.

Do you know? 

  • Talcher Fertilizers Ltd. (TFL) is a Joint Venture Company of four PSUs namely Rashtriya Chemicals & Fertilizers (RCF), GAIL (India) Ltd. (GAIL), Coal India Ltd. (CIL) and Fertilizer Corporation of India Ltd. (FCIL) which was incorporated on 13th November, 2015.

Important value additions

Coal gasification 

  • It is the process of producing syngas—a mixture consisting primarily of carbon monoxide, hydrogen, carbon dioxide, natural gas, and water vapour —from coal and water, air and/or oxygen.

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