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Black Softshell Turtle

  • IASbaba
  • June 22, 2021
  • 0
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Black Softshell Turtle

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Biodiversity

In news

  • Recently, the Assam forest department has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with two NGOs and adopted a Vision Document to raise at least 1,000 black softshell turtles by 2030.

About Black Softshell Turtle

  • Scientific Name: Nilssonia nigricans
  • Habitat:
    • They are found in ponds of temples in northeastern India and Bangladesh. 
    • Its distribution range also includes the Brahmaputra River and its tributaries.
  • Protection Status:
    • IUCN Red List: Critically Endangered
    • CITES: Appendix I
    • Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972: No legal protection
  • Threats:
    • Consumption of turtle meat and eggs, 
    • Silt mining
    • Encroachment of wetlands 
    • Change in flooding pattern.

Turtle Conservation

  • National Marine Turtle Action Plan:
    • It contains ways and means to not only promote inter-sectoral action for conservation but also guide improved coordination amongst the government, civil society and all relevant stakeholders.
  • Indian Ocean Sea Turtle Agreement (IOSEA)
    • India is a signatory to the Indian Ocean Sea Turtle Agreement (IOSEA) of the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS).
    • It puts in place a framework through which States of the Indian Ocean and South-East Asian region and other concerned States can work together to conserve and replenish depleted marine turtle populations for which they share responsibility.
  • KURMA App:
    • It has a built-in digital field guide covering 29 species of freshwater turtles and tortoises of India.
    • Developed by: Indian Turtle Conservation Action Network (ITCAN) in collaboration with the Turtle Survival Alliance-India and Wildlife Conservation Society-India.

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World Turtle Day 2020

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