Resolution 75/260 of UNGA

  • IASbaba
  • June 14, 2021
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Resolution 75/260 of UNGA

Part of: GS Prelims and GS -II – Health; International relations

In news

  • The Union Health Minister addressed the 75th session of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) on prevention of HIV/AIDS.
    • The Resolution 75/260 of UNGA deals with the Implementation of the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS and the political declarations on HIV/AIDS.

Key points of address

  • India’s unique HIV prevention model is centered around the concept of ‘Social Contracting’ through which the ‘Targeted Interventions Program’ is implemented.
  • The HIV & AIDS Prevention and Control Act, 2017, provides a legal and enabling framework to safeguard the human rights of infected and affected populations.
  • India is providing free anti-retro-viral treatment to close to 1.4 million people.

Other initiatives

  • Project Sunrise: Launched by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (2016) to tackle the rising HIV prevalence in north-eastern states 
  • The Red Ribbon: Wearing a ribbon is a way to raise awareness on and during the run up to World AIDS Day.
  • 90-90-90: 90% of those who are HIV positive in India know their status, 90% of those who know their status are on treatment and 90% of those who are on treatment experience effective viral load suppression.
  • Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM): It is designed to accelerate the end of AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria as epidemics.

Important value additions

National AIDS Control Program

  • Launched by: The National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) launched in 1992-1999.
    • NACO is a division of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
  • India is gradually transitioning the people living with HIV to Dolutegravir (a safer and efficacious anti-retro-viral medication regimen).

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