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22 Assam rhinos killed in 5 years

  • IASbaba
  • August 8, 2021
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22 Assam rhinos killed in 5 years

Part of: Prelims and GS -III- Conservation

In news Poachers have killed 22 one-horned rhinos in Assam since 2017,

  • The government had set up 10 fast-track sessions courts over the years for speedy trials of wildlife- related crimes.

About Rhino

  • There are three species of rhino in Asia — Greater one-horned, Javan and Sumatran.
  • India is home to the largest number of Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros in the world
  • Two greatest threats: Poaching for the horns and habitat loss
  • The five rhino range nations: India, Bhutan, Nepal, Indonesia and Malaysia.
  • These Nations have signed a declaration ‘The New Delhi Declaration on Asian Rhinos 2019’ for the conservation and protection of the species.

Protection Status

Conservation Efforts by India

  • Recently, the Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has begun a project to create DNA profiles of all rhinos in the country.
  • National Rhino Conservation Strategy: It was launched in 2019 to conserve the greater one-horned rhinoceros.
  • Indian Rhino Vision 2020: It was launched in 2005. Aim: To attain a wild population of at least 3,000 greater one-horned rhinos spread over seven protected areas in the Indian state of Assam by the year 2020.

Other Protected Areas in Assam:

News Source: TH

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