ICMR’s ‘Clinicopathological Profile of Cancers in India’ Report
Part of: Prelims and GS-II- Health
Context The Indian Council of Medical Research’s (ICMR) has recently released ‘Clinicopathological Profile of Cancers in India: A Report of the Hospital Based Cancer Registries, 2021’.
What are its key findings?
- Gender specific: The proportion of all cancer cases was higher in males (52.4%) than females (47.4%)
- Prevalent cancer in Female: Gynaecological cancers, including breast cancer, comprised over half of all cancers in females.
- Childhood (0-14 years) cancers constitute 7.9% of all cancers.
- Most affected age-group: The highest proportion of cancer from all sites was reported in the 45 to 64 years age group, except for prostate cancer in males, which was higher in those over 65 years.
- Cancer due to tobacco use: 48.7% of cancers among males and 16.5% among females.
- Most common mode of treatment: Chemotherapy was the most typical treatment modality for many cancers regardless of the clinical extent of disease at presentation.
Do you know?
- ICMR, New Delhi is the apex body in India for the formulation, coordination, and promotion of biomedical research.
- It is funded by the Government of India through the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare.
- The Governing Body of ICMR is presided over by the Union Health Minister.