Hypertension higher among educated, urban residents
Part of: Prelims and GS II – Health
Context “Awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in adults aged 45 years and above, and their spouses in India: A nationally representative cross-sectional study” research was conducted recently.
- Research was conducted by experts of the International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, and others.
- The study has revealed that approximately 42% of adults aged 45 and above, and their spouses had hypertension.
- Richness: Richer individuals with higher consumption expenditure were more likely to have hypertension.
- Education: Prevalence was estimated to increase from 37% among the least educated to 51.2% among the most educated.
- Urban areas: Prevalence was higher in urban areas (51.8%) than in rural areas (37.8%).
- Employment: It was also higher among those not working.
- Prevalence, awareness and treatment of hypertension varied from state to state.
- States with the highest prevalence are Kerala, Goa and Delhi.
Do you know?
- Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases that accounted for 44% of the 42 million deaths related to non-communicable diseases globally in 2019.