Hypertension higher among educated, urban residents

  • IASbaba
  • October 11, 2021
  • 0
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Hypertension higher among educated, urban residents

Part of: Prelims and GS II – Health 

Context “Awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in adults aged 45 years and above, and their spouses in India: A nationally representative cross-sectional study” research was conducted recently.

  • Research was conducted by experts of the International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, and others.
  • The study has revealed that approximately 42% of adults aged 45 and above, and their spouses had hypertension.

Key findings

  • Richness: Richer individuals with higher consumption expenditure were more likely to have hypertension. 
  • Education: Prevalence was estimated to increase from 37% among the least educated to 51.2% among the most educated. 
  • Urban areas: Prevalence was higher in urban areas (51.8%) than in rural areas (37.8%). 
  • Employment: It was also higher among those not working.
  • Prevalence, awareness and treatment of hypertension varied from state to state.
  • States with the highest prevalence are Kerala, Goa and Delhi.

Do you know?

  • Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases that accounted for 44% of the 42 million deaths related to non-communicable diseases globally in 2019.

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