Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana(PMMVY)

  • IASbaba
  • February 8, 2022
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Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana(PMMVY)

Part of: Prelims and GS-II Women & Governance 

Context: The government’s recent announcement that the maternity benefit programme which provides ₹5,000 for first child will be extended to cover the second child only if it is a girl has met with sharp criticism from activists who have demanded that it be universalised.

About the maternity benefit programme

  • The Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) was announced on December 31, 2016 which gives a benefit of ₹6,000 to pregnant and lactating mothers for the birth of the first child.
  • ₹5,000 would be disbursed in three installments upon meeting several conditionalities:
    • registration of pregnancy
    • at least one ante-natal check-up
    • registration of child birth and vaccinations. 
  • The remaining cash incentive of up to ₹1,000 is to be given under a separate scheme called the Janani Suraksha Yojana so that on an “average” women get a total sum of ₹6,000. 
  • The objective is to compensate women for wage loss due to child birth.
  • Some of the reasons which has led to exclusion of many beneficiaries under PMMVY
    • Only for the first born
    • Proof of address of marital home –  which proves challenging for a newlywed expecting a child and often residing in her natal home during pregnancy. She  is then forced to go from pillar to post to claim benefits.
    • Minimum age of 19 years –  leaves out younger brides, who hesitate in getting their marriages registered as the legal age of marriage is 18 years.
    • Husband’s Aadhar Card – Affects single women which include unwed mothers, deserted wives and widows
    • Tedious documentation: Total 6 application forms to be filled, with total of 30 of 32 pages to be filled by the beneficiary
    • As many as 9 IDs to be produced – Aadhaar card, voter ID card; ration card copy of bank passbook and maternal and child protection (MCP) card etc. 

News Source: TH

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