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Introduction of Cheetah in India

  • IASbaba
  • February 8, 2022
  • 0
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Introduction of Cheetah in India

Part of: Prelims and GS-III Environment 

Context: Government of India is in the process of holding consultation meeting with African countries for bringing Cheetah. 

  • Rs. 38.70 crore under the ongoing Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Project Tiger has been allocated to the cheetah introduction project for the years 2021-22 to 2025-26.
  • About 12-14 wild cheetahs (8-10 males and 4-6 females) that are ideal for establishing a new cheetah population would be imported as required from South Africa/Namibia/Other African Countries, as a founder stock for five years initially and then as may be required by the action plan.

About Cheetahs

  • The cheetah is one of the oldest of the big cat species, with ancestors that can be traced back more than five million years to the Miocene era.
  • The cheetah is also the world’s fastest land mammal that lives in Africa and Asia.
  • Cheetah is the only large carnivore to have become extinct in Independent India. 
  • Cheetah has been an integral part of Indian ecosystems, a major evolutionary force, and an important cultural heritage. 
  • Their restoration will likely result in better conservation of open forest, grassland, and scrub ecosystems for which they will serve as a flagship species.
  • IUCN status:
    • African Cheetah: Vulnerable
    • Asiatic Cheetah: Critically Endangered.

News Source: PIB

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