• IASbaba
  • June 20, 2022
  • 0
International Relations
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In News: India backs China’s plan for joint border activity

  • India has supported an initiative by China to conduct a “joint border operation” in 2023 of all member countries of SCO
  • The border operation called “Solidarity-2023” will be organised by China
  • The Border Security Force (BSF) hosted the 21st meeting of Experts’ Group and Border Security Conference of SCO countries
  • At the meeting participants exchanged information reflecting assessments of the situation on the State borders of the SCO member states, trends and forecasts of its development.
  • The results of the Joint Border Operation “Solidarity-2019-2021” carried out in 2021 by the border services of the competent authorities of the SCO member states were discussed and highly appreciated.
  • The plan for the preparation and conduct of the Joint Border Operation “Friendship Border – 2022, this year was reviewed and approved.

Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)

  • SCO is a permanent intergovernmental international organization.
  • It’s a Eurasian political, economic and military organization aiming to maintain peace, security and stability in the region.
  • It was created in 2001.
  • The SCO Charter was signed in 2002, and entered into force in 2003.
  • Founding members: Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan were members of the Shanghai Five.
  • Following the accession of Uzbekistan to the organization in 2001, the Shanghai five was renamed the SCO.
  • India and Pakistan became members in 2017.


  • Heads of State Council – The supreme SCO body which decides its internal functioning and its interaction with other States & international organizations
  • Heads of Government Council – Approves the budget, considers and decides upon issues related to economic spheres of interaction within SCO.
  • Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs – Considers issues related to day-to-day activities.
  • Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) – Established to combat terrorism, separatism and extremism.
  • SCO Secretariat – Based in Beijing to provide informational, analytical & organizational support.

Official language:

  • The official working language of the SCO Secretariat is Russian and Chinese.

Source: The Hindu

Previous Year Questions

Q.1) Consider the following: (2022)

  1. Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank
  2. Missile Technology Control Regime
  3. Shanghai Cooperation Organisation

India is a member of which of the above?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

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