In news: The Centre constituted the Law Commission of India with Justice (retd) Rituraj Awasthi, former Chief Justice of Karnataka High Court, at its head.
- The Law Commission is a non-statutory body that is constituted by a notification of the Government of India in the Official Gazette.
- It carries out research in the field of law and vital review of the laws in India.
- It makes recommendations to the Government (in the form of Reports).
- It was first constituted in 1955, and has so far submitted 277 reports.
- The Commission would have a tenure of three years from the date of publication of the Order of Constitution.
- Functions: The Commission shall, among other things,
- identify laws which are no longer needed or relevant and can be immediately repealed
- examine the existing laws in the light of Directive Principles of State Policy and suggest ways of improvement and reform and suggest such legislations as might be necessary to implement the Directive Principles and to attain the objectives set out in the Preamble of the Constitution
- revise the Central Acts of general importance to simplify them and remove anomalies, ambiguities and inequities.
- The tenure of the 21st Law Commission, which was headed by former Supreme Court judge Justice B S Chauhan, came to an end on August 31 2018.
- The 22nd Commission has been constituted two and a half years after it was approved by the Union Cabinet in 2020, just before the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic.
Source: Indian Express
Previous Year Questions
Q.1) Consider the following statements: (2017)
- The Election Commission of India is a five-member body.
- Union Ministry of Home Affairs decides the election schedule for the conduct of both general elections and bye-elections.
- Election Commission resolves the disputes relating to splits/mergers of recognised political parties.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
- 1 and 2 only
- 2 only
- 2 and 3 only
- 3 only