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IASbaba ’60 Day Plan- Prelims Test 2016 GEOGRAPHY & CURRENT AFFAIRS [DAY 16]

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IASbaba ’60 Day Plan’ – Prelims Test 2016 [Day 16]

 


Q.1) A great variety of soils is found over the globe. Which among the following are causes for this variation?

  1. Nature of rocks
  2. Physical characteristics of land
  3. Climate
  4. Vegetation cover

Choose the appropriate code:

a) 1 and 3 only

b) 1, 2 and 3 only

c) 1, 3 and 4 only

d) All of the above


Q.2) Which among the following statements is/are true in regard to soils?

  1. Soil is not only a mixture of solid and liquid substances but also gaseous substances
  2. Soil is a non-renewable resource
  3. The rate of removal of fine particles from the surface (due to running water and wind) is the same as the rate of addition of particles to the soil layer.
  4. Soils with high lime content are called acid and those with low lime content are called alkaline

Choose the appropriate code:

a) 3 and 4 only

b) 1, 2 and 3 only

c) 1, 3 and 4 only

d) All of the above


 Q.3) Consider the following statements:

  1. Laterite soils are formed due to the heat combined with the rate of alternation between wet and dry intervals of monsoon climate
  2. Hot summer and low rainfall develops black soil, irrespective of the parent rock
  3. In tropical/equatorial region since biodiversity/vegetation is thick, humus content is also very high

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 2 and 3 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above  


Q.4) Which among the following statements is/are not true?

  1. Pedocals are soils that are found in humid climates extending from high-latitude coniferous forests, mid latitude deciduous forest lands to low-climate tropical forests and grasslands
  2. Pedalfers are soils that are found in arid, semi-arid and the sub-humid zones in the world
  3. Pedocals are very rich in calcium and mineral salts

Choose the appropriate code:

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 3 only

d) None of the above 


Q.5) Consider the following statements: 

  1. These soils are called black earths
  2. They are rich in humus, rich in calcium, unleached and have a crumby or nut-like structure
  3. These are fertile soils requiring little fertilizing even when used year after year.
  4. The Steppes of Ukraine, the central part of USA, central Africa, South America and Australia have these type of soils

Select the appropriate soil which the statements are referring to:

a) Chernozems

b) Prairie soils

c) Grey brown Podsolic soil

d) Red and Yellow Pedalfers


 Q.6) Which of the following are true about Desert soils?

  1. They are grey in colour in temperate region and red in hot deserts of the tropics
  2. The soils are unleached and alkaline
  3. These soils are very much lacking in humus because of little vegetation found

Choose the appropriate code:

a) 2 and 3 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above


 Q.7) Consider the following statements with regard to ‘Usar’ and ‘Reh’:

  1. ‘Usar’ is a term collectively applied to all kinds of saline and alkaline soils in the plains of north India, particularly in Uttar Pradesh
  2. ‘Reh’ is a white, grayish or ash-coloured salt that are found in low-lying plain areas in dry periods

Which of the statements given above is/are incorrect?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2


 Q.8) Consider the following statements:

  1. Alluvial soils are rich in potash and phosphorous
  2. The colour of the alluvial soils varies from the light grey to ash grey
  3. Sikkim has only Mountain soil and no presence of Alluvial/Terai soil

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 2 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


Q.9) Which among the following statements is/are correct with regard to Zonal, Intrazonal and Azonal Soils? 

  1. Soil occurring over wide areas on well-drained land which have been there long enough for the climate and organisms to have expressed their full influence is called Zonal Soils
  2. Soils affected by some local conditions not involving climate or vegetation, such as poor drainage or those where parent material exerts a strong influence is Intrazonal soils
  3. Immature soils without well developed soil characteristics are called Azonal Soils

Choose the appropriate code:

a) 2 and 3 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above


Q.10) Consider the following characteristics with regard to Red soils:

  1. Red soils are the largest soil group in India
  2. Most of the red soils have come into existence due to weathering of ancient crystalline and metamorphic rocks
  3. They are usually poor growing soils, low in nutrients and humus and difficult to cultivate because of its low water holding capacity.
  4. Red and Yellow soil is abundantly found in southern belt i.e., Tamil Nadu and Karnataka

Choose the appropriate code:

a) 3 and 4 only

b) 1, 2 and 3 only

c) 1, 3 and 4 only

d) All of the above


Q.11) There is a lot of fuss created about UK exiting the EU (European Union). Consider the following statements with respect to European Union

  1. EU is economic political union comprising of 28 countries.
  2. The head quarters of EU is in Brussels, Belgium
  3. Among the EU cities Paris is the largest city

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All


Q.12) Consider the following statement with respect to TRAI (Telecom Regulatory Authority of India)

  1. TRAI is an apex body to regulate telecom services, including fixation/revision of tariffs for telecom services which were earlier vested in the State government
  2. Recently TRAI was accorded the status of Non banking financial company

Select the correct option

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both

d) None


Q.13) Virtual reality is making headlines nowadays. Consider the following statement with respect to the term Virtual reality

  1. Virtual reality is the creation of a virtual environment presented to our senses in such a way that we experience it as if we were really there.
  2. Medicine is one of the biggest beneficiaries with the development of virtual reality.
  3. It is also called floating multimedia

Select the correct option

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) Only 1

d) All


Q.14) The kind of unemployment when the economy experiences many ups and downs is known as

a) Frictional unemployment

b) Structural unemployment

c) Cyclical unemployment

d) Seasonal unemployment


Q.15) Consider the following statements with respect to SAARC countries

  1. SAARC is an economic and political organization of eight countries in Southern Asia that includes Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Mauritius, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka
  2. The headquarters of SAARC is located in Kathmandu, Nepal

Select the correct option

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both

d) None


Q.16) Consider the following statements with respect to “Intended Nationally Determined Contributions”

  1. Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) is a term used under the United Nation Environment Programme (UNEP) for reductions in greenhouse gas emissions
  2. As part of INDC India aims to reduce the Emissions Intensity of its GDP by 33 to 35 Per Cent by 2030 from 2005 Level

Select the correct option

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both

d) None


Q.17) Consider the following statements with respect to Renewable energy and India

  1. India has the target to produce 1,00,000 MW of solar power by 2022.
  2. India allows 49 % FDI in renewable energy sector to promote domestic industries as part of Make in India campaign

Select the correct option

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both

d) None


Q.18) Consider the following

  1. Prithvi
  2. Agni
  3. BrahMos
  4. Akash

Arrange the above missiles in decreasing order of their range

a) 1234

b) 2134

c) 2143

d) 1243


Q.19) Consider the following statements with respect to “Insider trading”

a) Transactions of shares/security by someone having access to confidential information of a listed company.

b) The trading of shares in between the promoters of a listed company to stop a possible takeover.

c) The trading of virtual commodities on floor of commodity stock exchanges on the last working days of the weeks.

d) None of the above


Q.20) Bollgard technology is associated with which of the following crop?

a) Wheat

b) Rice

c) Cotton

d) Sun flower


Q.21) Consider the following statement/s

a) Stapled Visa doesn’t leave permanent trace on one’s passport

b) China had issued stapled visa to residents of Indian J&K and Arunanchal Pradesh

c) Both correct

d) Both incorrect


 Q.22) Consider the following statements regarding a particular soil

  1. Found in the summits of Western Ghats, Eastern Ghats, Vindhyas, Sathpuras and Malwa plateau.
  2. Subjected to intense leaching and thus not fit for agriculture unless manures and fertilizers are used.
  3. It is the end product of weathering process and thus it is indefinitely durable.

Which is the soil that is spoken about in the above statements?

a) Forest soil

b) Mountain Soil

c) Laterite soil

d) Red soil


Q.23) Consider the statements regarding red and yellow soils.

  1. Soil looks yellowish when iron diffused in the soil gets hydrated.
  2. Red and yellow soils are mainly found in the deltaic regions especially in the Eastern Indian coast.
  3. Less fertile coarser soils are found in the uplands while fertile fine soils occur in the low lying regions.

Choose the correct code

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) 2 and 3 only


Q.24) Black soils are known for its fertility with little or no evidence of exhaustion. This is because

  1. Black soils with equal proportion of clay, gravel and coarse sand has high moisture retention capacity
  2. Cracks developed during dry season allow oxygenation of the soils.
  3. Black soil has low level of kankar thus supports wide variety of crops.

Choose the incorrect reason from the codes below

a) 1 Only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All the above


Q.25) Consider the statements the effects of ‘Oil Spill’

  1. It reduces Photosynthetic activities in water bodies.
  2. It results into killing of birds and mammals that die of hypothermia
  3. Food web of water bodies gets even more complex

Select the correct code:

a) 1 Only

b) 1 and 2 Only

c) 1 and 3 Only

d) All of the above


 

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