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IASbaba ’60 Day Plan- Prelims Test 2016 HISTORY & CURRENT AFFAIRS [DAY 44]

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IASbaba ’60 Day Plan’ – Prelims Test 2016 [Day 44]

 


Q.1) Consider the following statements in regard to Mahavira and Jainism. Which of the statements given below is not correct?

a) Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara is considered to be the founder of Jainism

b) Mahavira was associated with Makari Gosala Putta for 6 years, but later departed due to serious philosophical differences

c) Then Mahavira joined Nigrantha sect, while Makari Gosala Putta started Ajivika religion.

d) After Mahavira, Jainism came under the control of 11 disciples of Mahavira, namely Ganadharas.


Q.2) Consider the following statements:

  1. During Ashoka’s regime (3rd century BC), Sanskrit served as the lingua franca of the country.
  2. Pali acquired the same position and served as the state language, especially in the post-Gupta period.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2


Q.3) The below given statements describes about the differences between Digambaras and Svetambaras. Which one of them is not true in regard to it?

a) Digambaras are led by Bhadrabahu, whereas Svetambaras are led by Stulabahu

b) Digambaras are followers of Mahavira, while Svetambaras are followers of Parsvanatha

c) Digambars are white-clad, while Svetambaras are sky-clad

d) Digambars were born at Mysore region, whereas Svetambaras were born at Pataliputra


Q.4) The seal of Pashupati Mahadeva of Harappan culture (found in Mahenjo-daro)  – a male deity with three horned heads, in the sitting posture of a yogi, placing one foot on the other – is surrounded by which of the following animals?

  1. Buffalo
  2. Elephant
  3. Rhinoceros
  4. Tiger
  5. Deer

Select the appropriate code:

a) 1, 2 and 5

b) 1, 2, 4 and 5

c) 1, 3, 4 and 5

d) All of the above


Q.5) Which among the following is/are not the principles of Jain Panchasutras?

  1. Ahimsa
  2. Satya
  3. Nyaya
  4. Dharma
  5. Brahmacharya

Select the appropriate code:

a) All of the above

b) 1, 2 and 3 only

c) 1, 2 and 5 only

d) 1, 2, 4 and 5 only


Q.6) Consider the following in regard to how Sangam texts are different from the (Rig) Vedic texts:

  1. Sangam texts do not constitute religious literature. Thus they were secular in nature.
  2. They are not primitive songs but they show a high quality of literature.
  3. Many poems mention a warrior or a chief or a king by name and describe his military exploits in detail.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 2 and 3 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above


Q.7) Consider the literary works and select the incorrect pair from the given below:

 Literary works : : written by

a) Harshacharita : : Banabhatta

b) Ramacharita : : Sandhyakara Nandi

c) Vikramanakadevacharita : : Kalhana

d) Mushika Vamsa : : Atula


Q.8) What were the reasons for the rise of new religions such as Jainism and Buddhism?

  1. Kshatriyas founded these religions as a reaction against the ritualistic domination of the brahmanas or the Varna system
  2. Rise of these new religions lay in the spread of a new agricultural economy in north-eastern India

Select the appropriate code:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2


Q.9) Which among the following statements is/are true in regard to Rig Veda:

  1. The Rig veda is the earliest text of the Indo-European languages. It is a collection of prayers offered to Agni, Indra, Mitra, Varuna and other gods by various families of poets or sages.
  2. The Rig veda has many things common with the Avesta, which is the oldest text in the Iranian language

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2


Q.10) The below given contains the PANCHAMAHAKALYANA/FIVE EVENTS IN LIFE OF BUDDHA. Select the correctly matched pair/s from the Lists given below

List I (EVENT NAME)                          List II (ASSOCIATED SYMBOLS)

  1. MAHABHINISHKRAMANA                        BODHI/ PEEPAL TREE
  2. DHARMACHAKRAPARIVARTHANA       DHARMACHAKRA WITH  24 SPOKES
  3. MAHAPARINIRVARNA                               STUPA
  4. BIRTH OF BUDDHA                                     LOTUS

Choose the appropriate code:

a) 1, 3 and 4 only

b) 3 and 4 only

c) 2 and 4 only

d) 4 only


Q.11) Which among the blow given statements is/are true in regard to Aryans?

  1. Originally the Aryans seems to have lived somewhere in Steppes stretching from southern Russia to Central Asia
  2. We know about the Aryans in India from the Rig Veda
  3. Aryan names appear in Kassite inscriptions of about 1600 B.C. found in some parts of North India along the Indus plains.

Choose the appropriate code:

a) 1, 2 and 3 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) 1 only


Q.12) Choose the correct pair(s) from the below:

  1. Study of coins : :         Numismatics
  2. Study of inscriptions : :         Epigraphy
  3. Study of old writings and old records in inscriptions : :        Palaeography

Select the correct code:

a) All of the above

b) None of the above

c) 1 only

d) 2 and 3 only


Q.13) Consider the following similarities and difference between the Hindustani and the Carnatic styles of classic music:

a) Origin of Hindustani music is earlier than Carnatic music. It synthesizes with Islamic traditions and Persian Musiqu-e-Assil style and has no association with religion.

b) Hindustani music originated in the Vedic period, while Carnatic music originated during the Bhakti movement.

c) Main emphasis in Carnatic music is on vocal music and most compositions are to be sung, involving gayaki style.

d) Although there are stylistic differences, the basic elements of swara, raga and tala as foundation of both Carnatic and Hindustani are same.


Q.14) What is the name of the first National Tribal Festival that was inaugurated in 2015 by the Union Minister of Tribal Affairs Jual Oram?

a) Vanaj 2015

b) Birli 2015

c) Bhagoriya 2015

d) Ngada 2015


Q.15) The below given contains the differences between HINAYANA and MAHAYANA. Select the correctly matched pair/s from the Lists given below

List I (Lesser Vehicle)                         List II (Greater Vehicle)

  1. Pro-chargers                                        1) Anti – changers
  2. Believe in individual salvation         2) Salvation to all without any efforts
  3. Literature in Sanskrit                         3) Literature in Pali
  4. Opposed idolatory,                             4) Worshipped Buddha in human form and

        instead worshipping scriptures,              Bodhisattvas also.

symbols like lotus, papal tree etc.

Choose the appropriate code:

a) 1, 3 and 4 only

b) 3 and 4 only

c) 2 and 4 only

d) 4 only


Q.16) ‘Gothenburg protocol’ is related to:

a) Prohibition or use or Mercury

b) Provisions of Nagoya Protocol

c) Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground level Ozone

d) Conservation of wetlands


Q.17) Which of the following statements are correct about ‘PanchaSiddhanta’?

  1. It was written by Aryabhatta.
  2. It is a detailed account of Greek and Roman Astrology.

Select the correct code from the following:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2


Q.18) Which of the following kingdoms were engaged in tripartite struggle for Kannauj and Ganga-Jamuna Doab?

a) Cholas, Cheras and Pandyas

b) Palas, Pratiharas and Rashtrakutas

c) Cholas, Cheras and Pratiharas

d) Palas, Pratiharas and Cholas


Q.19) The Famous Uttiramerur inscription provide details of the formation and function of village councils in Chola kingdom. Which of the following statements are correct about the chola village assemblies?

  1. Each village was divided into thirty yards and one member was nominated from each to the village council.
  2. People below thirty and above seventy were not eligible.
  3. Knowledge of Vedas was mandatory to become a ward member.
  4. Those who had committed sins were disqualified to be a ward member.

Select the correct code from below:

a) 1 only

b) 2,3 and 4

c) 1,2 and 3

d) All of the above.


Q.20) Pulakesin II is considered to be one of the most important rulers of Chalukyas. Which of the following statements about him are incorrect:

  1. Aihole inscription was issued by him which describes his reign.
  2. He was defeated by Harshavardhan on the banks of river Narmada.
  3. Huen Tsang visited Vatapi during his reign.

Select the code from the following:

a) 2 only

b) 1 and 3

c) All of the above

d) None of the above


Q.21) Which deity is related to the famous Amareswara Temple from where ‘Amravati’ derives its name?

a) Lord Vishnu

b) Lord Brahma

c) Lord Shiva

d) Lord Ganesha


Q.22) Consider the following statements—

  1. This dance form has been introduced by Mahapurusha Sankaradeva.
  2. The musical compositions accompanying the dance form are called borgeets.
  3. The costumes used are made up of pat.

Identify the dance-form from the following options:

a) Mohiniyattam

b) Thang Ta

c) Sattriya

d) Kuchipudi


Q.23) Identify the leader based on the following historic events:

  1. He wrote a letter to Aurangzeb in Persian, famously named as Zafarnama or the Epistle of Victory, reminding him of the misdeed the Mughals had done to the Sikhs.
  2. Bahadur Shah had named the Guru as Hind Ka Pir or the Saint of India.

Choose the correct option—

a) Guru Teg Bahadur

b) Daya Ram

c) Baba Banda Singh

d) Guru Gobind Singh


Q.24) Consider the following statements:

  1. NDRF has been established under Disaster Management Act, 2005.
  2. It functions under the aegis of Union Ministry of Defence.
  3. It is the only dedicated disaster response force of the world.

Select the incorrect option/s:

a) Both 1 and 3

b) Only 3

c) Only 2

d) Both 2 and 3


Q.25) Identify the correct function of the Treaty of Pelindaba:

a) Controls uranium supply from key mineral hubs in Africa

b) Forced Germany to accept complete responsibility for initiating World War I

c) Allowed Italy, Romania, Hungary, Bulgaria, and Finland to resume their responsibilities as sovereign states in international affairs and to qualify for membership in the United Nations post the end of World War II

d) Ended the War of 1812 between the U.S. and Britain


 

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