‘Nagaland Health Project’.
(Topic: Issues related to health)
About— ‘Nagaland Health Project’ was signed with the World Bank
- Improve health services and increase their utilization by communities in targeted locations in Nagaland.
- Communities in targeted locations will benefit from project activities at the community and health facility levels while the population of the state as a whole will benefit from improvements in higher-level facilities as well as system-wide investments.
- The project will directly benefit about 600,000 people. It will support and complement existing systems and mechanisms involving communities under the National Health Mission.
- The closing date of Nagaland health Project is 31st March, 2023.
Life and Fire Safety in Healthcare Facilities in India
(Topic: Health and Family Welfare)
Objective— The main objective is to sensitize the hospital administrators and engineering heads about important issues related to life and fire safety in healthcare buildings.
Fire safety steps to be taken in hospital
- Doctors and engineering staff should be fully aware of their role towards fire and life safety.
- Doctors and nurses would provide the guidance and support if patients are to be moved and where they have to be moved considering the condition of patients.
- It has been noticed that corridors, staircases are not properly maintained to provide safe egress, sometimes emergency doors are locked even when patients are in a position to move out. This is fundamental but often ignored, due to security reasons. Hospital administrations should resolve this problem in consultation with security experts.
- To ensure that access and egress is not compromised and proper fire escape routes and measures are in place especially in operation theatres and ICUs so that patients inside these rooms can be evacuated properly during emergencies.
National Alliance on Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation
(Topic: Women and child development)
Aim— Developing a comprehensive outreach system to engage parents, schools, communities, NGO partners and local governments (PRIs and ULBs) as well as police and lawyers to ensure better implementation of the legal framework, policies, national strategies and standards in relation to child protection and child rights.
- Child sexual abuse is a multi-layered problem which negatively impacts children’s safety, health and wellbeing.
- Research from world-wide indicates that children’s exposure to violence and abuse is associated with long-term physical, psychological, and emotional harm. Child abuse is finding new forms and channels through mobile and digital technologies.
- Online child abuse and exploitation amplifies existing forms of offline bullying, stalking and harassment.
- It also facilitates the sexual exploitation of children through the production and dissemination of child sexual abuse materials and by facilitating the sexual exploitation and trafficking of children. Online abuse knows no national boundaries.
- Even though India has a comprehensive legal framework for protection of child rights in the form of Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2015, POCSO Act, 2012 along with RTE Act 2009 and recently amended Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2106, there is limited awareness of online risks for children, both among parents and guardian and children themselves.
- Bring a common definition of child pornography including amendment of acts (Information technology Act, POCSO Act).
- Set up a multi-member secretariat based in Ministry of Women and Child Development with a portal inclusive of a hotline for reporting and strengthening existing service delivery systems.
- Provide a platform for Government/ NGOs and other child rights activists for networking and information sharing.
- Document and showcases success stories and best practices in terms of prevention of online abuse and exploitation of children.
- Inform and educate member organisations, parents, teachers, front line service providers and children on the rights of the children and various issues related to online child abuse and exploitation.
- Provide a forum for advocacy for child rights and policy inputs based on research and studies
MSME Cooperation with Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) Member Countries
(Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests)
About– Ministry of MSME finalised MoU on MSME Cooperation with Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) member countries.
- To finalise linkages and alliances amongst MSMEs organizations, associations and various institutions engaged in MSME development in their countries.
- Exchange best practices, policies and programs for MSME development
- Exchange greater involvement of MSMEs in the global supply chain, increase their market access.
- Promote youth and women’s economic empowerment.
- Encourage synergies with the IORA forum.
- MSME Cooperation amongst Indian Ocean Rim Association member countries will provide an appropriate platform to IORA MSMEs to interact with each other, participate in trade fairs, facilitate buyer-seller meetings and visits of delegations, acquire appropriate technology and explore trade and investment opportunities.
- The MoU will enhance market access, promote access to finance, promote innovation as a key competitive advantage for MSME, build capacity in management and entrepreneurship.
- MSMEs constitute more than 90% of all business enterprises in the world and provide nearly 70% of global employment.
- The overwhelming majority of MSMEs in the developing world are micro-enterprises with fewer than 10 employees. India has more than 48 million MSMEs. These contribute more than 45% of India’s industrial output, 40% of the country’s total exports and create 1.3 million jobs every year.
India’s Membership in the International Vaccine Institute (IVI), South Korea
(Topic: Issues related to health)
About: In 2007 with the approval of Union Cabinet, India joined IVI. Since then India is a long-term collaborator and stake-holder of IVI. In 2012, IVI’s Board of Trustees (BOT) had approved the formation of its new governance structure. As per the new structure of its member state has to contribute to the IVI by paying a portion of its core budget. Since India has been classified in Group-I, it has to pay an annual contribution of US $50,000.
- International Vaccine Institute (IVI), Seoul, South Korea, established in 1997 on the initiatives of the UNDP, is an IVI is an international non-profit organization devoted to developing and introducing new and improved vaccines to protect the people, especially children, against deadly infectious diseases.
- Its work is exclusively on vaccine development and introduction specifically for people in developing countries, with a focus on neglected diseases affecting these regions.
- Currently, IVI has 40 countries and the World Health Organization (WHO) as signatories to its Establishment Agreement.
‘SEZ India’ App
About– App would help the SEZ Units and Developers to find information easily and track their transactions on SEZ Online System. Now the SEZ Developers & Units can file all their transactions digitally through SEZ Online system and track the status on the go through the SEZ India mobile app. The SEZ online transaction is a dynamic submenu that tracks the Bill of Entry and Shipping Bill processing status, besides doing verification.
Salient Features of the App.
1.SEZ INFORMATION: It gives up to date comprehensive details on all the aspects.
2.TRADE INFORMATION: This provision gives access to important information / tools such as Foreign Trade Policy, Hand Book of procedure , Duty Calculator , Customs & Excise Notification and MEIS Rates.
3.CONTACT DETAILS: It provides contact details of all Development Commissioners Office, DGFT, DG System, DGCI & S and SEZ online.
4.SEZ online Transaction: This is a dynamic submenu that tracks the Bill of Entry / Shipping Bill processing status and also does verification. The app also helps the Importers / Exporters to track the status of ‘Bill of Entry / Shipping Bill”.
MoU between the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) for cooperation in the field of outer space
(Topic: Science and Technology)
About– The purpose of this MoU is to pursue future cooperative activities in the exploration and use of outer space exclusively for peaceful purposes in accordance with the laws and regulations applicable in each country and their international obligations.
Framework MoU would lead to joint activity in the field of application of space technologies for the benefit of humanity. Thus all sections and regions of the country will get benefited.
- India and Japan pursue space cooperation for more than 5 decades and carried out studies in the field of atmospheric study, observation of universe and scientific investigation in remote sensing.
- With the formation of JAXA in 2003, an “arrangement concerning the considerations of potential future cooperation in the field of outer space” was signed in October 2005 between ISRO/ Department of Space (DOS) and JAXA.
- Both agencies have signed cooperative documents addressing lunar exploration, satellite navigation, X-ray astronomy and Asia Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum (APRSAF).
- During the ISRO-JAXA bilateral meeting held at New Delhi on April 05, 2016, both sides stressed the need for updating the contents of ‘2005 Arrangement’ with enhanced scope of cooperation.
- Accordingly, both sides have arrived at the draft of new ‘Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between ISRO and JAXA concerning cooperation in the field of outer space’.