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IASbaba’s 60 Day Plan- Prelims Test 2018 ENVIRONMENT & CURRENT AFFAIRS [Day 56]

  • IASbaba
  • May 17, 2018
  • 38
IASbaba Prelims 60 Days Plan
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Hello Friends, 

Welcome to Day-56.

Importance of Self – Tracking: Learning from Last Year

Last year, aspirants used to comment their answers in the comment box on daily basis. There were huge participation in discussion. Putting answers in comment box has been very effective to self-track yourself after updating the score. In the end, you can cross check your performance through Disqus profile.

It was highly effective in the last edition of 60 Days that propelled aspirants to monitor their performance and learn through discussion. Let you solve these questions with full honesty and write your result in the comment box. Interact with peers to know your mistakes.

The importance of this initiative stands time-bound and aggressive reverse engineering to learn the concepts. Many of you must be busy with your own strategy but let us tell you honestly that in the last two months, it is very important to revise and consolidate your learning. Just reading won’t suffice.

So, take out few hours from your schedule and make it a revision exercise.

How can you make the best use of it?

Be honest to your effort and do not start competing with XYZ aspirants here just for the sake of marks. It is more important for you to introspect and check your learning than focusing on others. Try to answer the questions in 20 minutes only. 

Do not get into negative feeling that I don’t have enough knowledge to answer these questions. Feel like you are taking the real exam. What would be your response then?

The same will be replicated in UPSC exam. Here, you get marks only and nothing else matters. So, make effort to know the answers to all questions. Do not cheat 😛

 

DETAILED MICRO ANALYSIS MATRIX SAMPLEis given here. You can download this and do an assessment for yourself.  DOWNLOAD

  • You can copy paste the same format/modify as per your need in Google Spreadsheet and update it on daily basis.
  • Feedback talks about daily test results.
  • Follow-up talks about daily target achieved from sources and the number of revisions to do/done and dates. Sources column is to ensure that aspirants do not run behind various sources and follow the same throughout.

 

Are you ready? Let’s start!


[Day 56]: ENVIRONMENT AND CURRENT AFFAIRS


Q.1) Consider the following statements with reference to a National Park:

  1. It has moist deciduous, semi evergreen, evergreen, shola forests and montane grasslands.
  2. It is home to largest population of Lion Tailed Macaque.
  3. It is locally known as Sairandhrivanam.

Which of the following National Parks is characterized by the above features?

  1. Manas
  2. Bannerghata
  3. Silent valley
  4. Nandadevi

Q.2) Consider the following statements regarding Loktak lake:

  1. It is known for phumdis floating over it.
  2. It provides habitat to critically endangered Sangai.
  3. It is covered under Ramsar list and Montruex Record.
  4. Keoladeo National Park is situated inside the lake.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 3 and 4 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1, 2 and 4 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3 only

Q.3) Consider the following statements regarding Biosphere Reserves:

  1. The core area should be large enough to sustain viable population of all trophic levels.
  2. There is no comprehensive statute covering biosphere reserves in India.
  3. All biosphere reserves of India are under the MAB programme of UNESCO.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.4) With reference to biodiversity conservation, Forest PLUS is:

  1. a bilateral program between India and Nepal to enhance conservation efforts for the forests in the Himalayas.
  2. a bilateral program between India and the U.S. to develop solutions for sustainable forest land use in India.
  3. a program of UNFCCC to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.
  4. None of the above.

Q.5) Insectivorous plants have special mechanisms that trap insects which serve as their nutrition. With respect to this, which of the following conditions is/are favorable for this modification?

  1. Acidic soils
  2. Nitrogen deficient soils.
  3. Leached soils.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  1. 1 and 3 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.6) Biosphere reserves are demarcated into following 3 inter-related zones-Core zones, Buffer Zones and Transition Zone. A core zone being National Park or Sanctuary is regulated under which of the following acts?

  1. Environmental Protection Act, 1986
  2. Wildlife Protection Act, 1972
  3. Biodiversity Act, 2002
  4. The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980

Q.7) Consider the following statements regarding Community Reserves:

  1. Its objective is to protect the areas in and around existing or proposed protected areas from private ownership of land and land use.
  2. They are declared under Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
  3. It is managed by a Community Reserve Management Committee.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 3 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.8) Project Elephant was launched by Government of India in 1992. Which of the following statements are correct regarding Project Elephant?

  1. It aims at conserving elephants, their habitat and migratory routes.
  2. Project includes only wild elephants and not domestic elephants.
  3. The project’s endeavour is to strengthen the measures for protection of elephants against poachers and unnatural death.

Select the code from following:

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. All of the above

Q.9) Which of the following species is not critically endangered?

  1. Malabar Civet
  2. Hangul
  3. Pygmy Hog
  4. Blackbuck

Q.10) The Svalbard Global Seed Vault is a secure seed bank which act as a bank for seed banks of other countries. Where is it located?

  1. Denmark
  2. Norway
  3. Netherlands
  4. Finland

Q.11) The High Biodiversity Wilderness Areas (HBWA) approach has been developed by Conservation International (CI). HBWAs consist of 5 of the 24 major wilderness areas that hold globally significant levels of biodiversity. Which of the following areas are considered under HBWA?

  1. Amazonia
  2. The Congo forests of Central Africa
  3. New Guinea
  4. The North American Desert complex

Select the code from following:

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2, 3 and 4
  3. 1, 3 and 4
  4. All of the above

Q.12) In order to name a biodiversity hotspot, which of the following criteria is not taken into account?

  1. Endemism
  2. Biodiversity loss
  3. Lesser inter – species competition
  4. Species richness

Q.13) In general the biodiversity

  1. Increases towards equator
  2. Decreases towards equator
  3. Is zero in arctic region
  4. Is not effected by latitudes

Q.14) Which of the following endangered animals are correctly matched with the National Parks?

  1. Hangul – Kebul lamjao
  2. Tiger – Bandipur
  3. Elephant – Periyar
  4. Rhinoceros – Kaziranga

Select the code from following:

  1. 1, 2 and 3
  2. 2, 3 and 4
  3. 1, 3 and 4
  4. All of the above

Q.15) Consider the below statements with regard to Under2 Coalition and identify the correct statement:

  1. It is a group of ambitious governments from around the world committed to combating climate change.
  2. It is in relation to limiting the use of plastic which are above 2 microns.
  3. It is in relation to limiting the use of plastic and plan policy on alternatives.
  4. It deals with conservation of Antarctica and Antarctic

Q.16) Which of the following statements regarding Marsupial mammals are correct?

  1. Marsupial females have a pouch to carry and protect their babies.
  2. The young ones are born premature and the embryo climbs from the mother’s birth canal to the nipple.
  3. They have a longer gestation period as compared to placental mammal of the same size.

Select the code from below:

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. All of the above

Q.17) Consider the below statements in regard to SAMPADA scheme and indentify the correct statement:

  1. It is launched by ministry of culture to preserve ancient literary pieces and manuscripts
  2. It is a scheme of Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation to improve access to drinking water in drought hit areas
  3. It is a scheme of Ministry of agriculture to boost farm income
  4. It is a scheme of Ministry of Food processing to modernise agriculture, processing and decrease agri-waste

Q.18) Which of the following statements are correct about endosulfan?

  1. Endosulfan is acutely neurotoxic to both insects and mammals.
  2. Endosulfan has high potential to bio-accumulate and bio-magnify.
  3. Endosulfan is banned across the world under Stockholm convention.
  4. Endosulfan is the cause of death of Indian vultures.

Select the code from the following:

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 1, 2 and 3
  3. 2, 3 and 4
  4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

Q.19) Which of the following are classified as ‘Lotic Ecosystem’?

  1. Brooks
  2. Springs
  3. Lakes
  4. Rivers

Select the correct code

  1. 1 and 3
  2. 1, 2 and 4
  3. 3 only
  4. 2 and 4

Q.20) Consider the following statements regarding the ‘Black Lung’ Disease:

  1. It is an industrial hazard of mercury mining and develops due to inhaling of mercury vapours.
  2. It is a form of Pneumoconiosis.

Which of the above statements are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.21) Choose the Correct Answer

Hydroponics is otherwise called

  1. soil-less agriculture
  2. tank farming
  3. chemical gardening
  4. All of the above

Q.22) Consider the following statements about Global Partnership on Forest Landscape Restoration (GPFLR)

  1. It responds directly to the Bonn Challenge to restore 150 million hectares of deforested and degraded land by 2020 and 350 million hectares by 2030.
  2. It was initiated by the International Union for Conservation of Nature

Select the correct statements

  1. 1 Only
  2. 2 Only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.23) ‘Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS)’ is associated with which of the following organisations?

  1. Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
  2. European Union
  3. North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  4. Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition

Q.24) Recently, Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) granted first license for Liquid Chlorine on All India Basis. ‘Liquid Chlorine’ is used in which of the following industries/sectors?

  1. Water purification
  2. Plastics
  3. Agriculture
  4. Paper

Select the correct statements

  1. 1 and 4 Only
  2. 1, 2 and 4
  3. 1, 3 and 4
  4. All of the above

Q.25) Consider the following statements about Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act

  1. According to AFSPA, an area can be disturbed due to differences or disputes between members of different religious, racial, language or regional groups or castes or communities.
  2. The Central Government or the Governor of the State or administrator of the Union Territory can declare the whole or part of the State or Union Territory as a disturbed area.
  3. Armed Forces personnel are immune from prosecution under AFSPA

Select the correct statements

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. All of the above

Q.26) Which of the following have Constitutional Status?

  1. National Commission for Minorities (NCM)
  2. National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC)
  3. National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST)

Select the correct code:

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. All of the above

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