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India’s bird population suffers long-term decline

  • IASbaba
  • February 18, 2020
  • 0
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India’s bird population suffers long-term decline

Part of: GS Prelims –Environment  and GS-III- Conservation

In news:

State of India’s Birds 2020 (SoIB) assessment  states :

  • Over a fifth of India’s bird diversity, ranging from the Short-toed Snake Eagle to the Sirkeer Malkoha, has suffered strong long-term declines
  • 80% loss among several common birds 
  • every bird species that was found to be increasing in numbers over the long term, 11 have suffered losses
  • Rufous-fronted Prinia, Nilgiri Thrush, Nilgiri Pipit and Indian vulture were confirmed as suffering current decline
  • The common sparrow have become rare in cities and urban areas. reasons for this is a decrease in insect populations as well as nesting places

Threat 

  • loss of habitat due to human activity,
  •  widespread presence of toxins, including pesticides;
  •  Hunting and trapping for the pet trade.. 

From Prelims Point of View:

Rufous-fronted Prinia : IUCN (least concern )

Nilgiri thrush: IUCN (Endangered )

Nilgiri pipit : IUCN (Vulnerable )

Indian vulture : IUCN (Critically Endangered )

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