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Human activities responsible for zoonoses 

  • IASbaba
  • April 23, 2020
  • 0
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Human activities responsible for zoonoses 

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II – Health

In News:

  • According to experts, the coronavirus outbreak comes from the animal world. 
  • It is human activity that enabled the virus to jump to people.
  • The specialists are also warning that if human activities continue at this pace, the world will suffer from many other pandemics of similar nature in the future. 

Important value additions:

Zoonoses

  • Zoonoses is the name given to diseases transmitted from animals to humans
  • They are not new. 
  • Tuberculosis, rabies, toxoplasmosis, malaria, etc., are all zoonoses.
  • According to the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), 60% of human infectious diseases originate from animals.
  • Also, 75% of emerging diseases such as Ebola, HIV, avian flu, Zika, or SARS originate from animals. 
  • The emergence of such diseases is often associated with environmental changes or ecological disturbances, such as increase in human settlement, encroachments into forests and other habitats, etc. 

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