Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)

  • IASbaba
  • June 22, 2020
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Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)

Part of: GS-Prelims and GS-II – Government Schemes and Programmes; Governance issues

About Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)

  • In August, 2019, Government of India launched Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM).
  • JJM aims at providing potable water at service level of 55 litre per capita per day (lpcd) to every rural household through Functional Household Tap Connection (FHTC) by 2024.
  • The fund sharing pattern between the Centre and states is 90:10 for Himalayan and North-Eastern States, 50:50 for other states, and 100% for Union Territories.

Why JJM is in news?

  • There has been a 45% shortfall in financing the JJM by both the Centre and the States in its first year of 2019-20. Similarly, in 2020-21 as well, there has been a 32% shortfall at the Central level.
  • Only 18% of households are currently covered.
  • So, Jal Shakti Ministry is pitching for additional funding of Rs. 82,000 crore from the 15th Finance Commission for the project.
  • Jal Shakti Ministry to release grants or funds to the panchayats, to ensure that they follow the JJM’s five-year village action plans (VAP). (Criticism – It doesn’t empower panchayati raj institutions and against the decentralisation process)

Do you know?

Every village will prepare a Village Action Plan (VAP) which will have three components:

  • Water source and its maintenance
  • Water supply and
  • Grey-water (domestic wastewater) management.

For more, refer: http://jaljeevanmission.gov.in/

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