Kawasaki disease

  • IASbaba
  • July 6, 2020
  • 0
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Kawasaki disease

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains III – Science – Health and Medicine  


  • Kawasaki disease is a syndrome of unknown cause that results in a fever and mainly affects children under 5 years of age 
  • It is a form of vasculitis, where blood vessels become inflamed throughout the body. 
  • The fever typically lasts for more than five days and is not affected by usual medications. 

Why in news? 

  • Children with Covid-19 infection have often shown some symptoms similar to those associated with a rare illness called Kawasaki disease. 
  • World Health Organization (WHO) termed this new illness “multisystem inflammatory disorder”. 


  • It affects children.  
  • Its symptoms include red eyes, rashes, and a swollen tongue with reddened lips — often termed strawberry tongue — and an inflamed blood vessel system all over the body.  
  • There is constant high fever for at least five days.  
  • The disease also affects coronary functions in the heart. 

Do you know? 

  • What causes Kawasaki disease is not yet known. 
  • It is an immunological reaction to an infection or a virus. A child’s immunity system responds to a particular infection and develops these symptoms.  

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