Oslo Peace Accord
Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains III – International Affairs
Context: The Oslo peace accords of the 1990s gave the Palestinians self-rule in parts of the West Bank.
Oslo Accords are a series of agreements between Israel and the Palestinians signed in the 1990s.
- Oslo I (1993) formally known as the Declaration of Principles (DOP) established a timetable for the Middle East peace process. It planned for an interim Palestinian government in Gaza and Jericho in the West Bank.
- Oslo II officially called the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement on the West Bank and Gaza (1995), expanded on Oslo I.
Oslo II included –
- Provisions for the complete withdrawal of Israeli troops from six West Bank cities and about 450 towns.
- Timetable for elections for the Palestinian Legislative Council.
The interim pact was only supposed to last five years while a permanent agreement was finalised but it has tacitly been rolled over for more than two decades.
The question of Jerusalem was left undecided under the Oslo Accords