Species in news: Rewaconodon Indicus 

  • IASbaba
  • April 19, 2021
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Species in news: Rewaconodon Indicus 

Part of: GS Prelims and GS – III – Environment; Biodiversity 

In news

  • The Tiki Formation in Madhya Pradesh, a treasure trove of vertebrate fossils, has now yielded a new species and two genera of cynodonts, small rat-like animals that lived about 220 million years ago.

Key takeaways 

  • Researchers from the IIT Kharagpur, used scanning electron microscopy to study about 10 teeth samples collected from Shahdol District, Madhya Pradesh.
  • The results showed that they had found a new species, and they named it Rewaconodon indicus, indicating India, the country it was discovered from.
  • The team also identified two new genera from the area. 
  • The first was named Inditherium floris, after India and the Latin word therium meaning beast. 
  • As the teeth had a flower-shaped crown, it earned the species name floris.
  • The second was named Tikiodon cromptoni, after Tiki Formation and Greek word odon meaning tooth.
  • The species name is after paleontologist A.W. Crompton.

Do you know? 

  • The Tiki Formation is a Late Triassic (Carnian to Norian) geologic formation in Madhya Pradesh. 

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