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USA carries out Freedom of Navigation Operation (FONOP) in the Indian EEZ

  • IASbaba
  • April 12, 2021
  • 0
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USA carries out Freedom of Navigation Operation (FONOP) in the Indian EEZ

Part of: GS Prelims and GS – II – International Relations 

In news

  • India has protested the U.S. decision to conduct a patrol in the Indian Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) in the western Indian Ocean. 

Key takeaways 

  • U.S. Navy announced that its ship, USS John Paul Jones, had carried out Freedom of Navigation Operation (FONOP) in the Indian EEZ, adding that its operations had “challenged” what the U.S. called India’s “excessive maritime claims”.
  • The ship asserted navigational rights and freedoms approximately 130 nautical miles west of the Lakshadweep Islands, inside India’s exclusive economic zone, without requesting India’s prior consent, consistent with international law. 
  • The Government of India’s stated position on the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) is that the Convention “does not authorise other States to carry out in the EEZ and on the continental shelf, military exercises or manoeuvres, in particular those involving the use of weapons or explosives, without the consent of the coastal state.
  • While India ratified UNCLOS in 1995, the U.S. has failed to do it so far.

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