Lithium Exploration

  • IASbaba
  • July 29, 2021
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Lithium Exploration

Part of: GS Prelims and GS – III – Economy; Sci and tech

In news: Geological Survey of India (GSI) has taken up 7 projects on lithium exploration in Arunachal Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Jammu & Kashmir and Rajasthan. 

  • However, resource of lithium has not yet been augmented by GSI.

What is Lithium? 

  • Lithium (Li), chemical element of Group 1 (Ia) in the periodic table, the alkali metal group, lightest of the solid elements. 
  • The metal itself—which is soft, white, and lustrous—and several of its alloys and compounds are produced on an industrial scale.
  • The most important use of lithium is in rechargeable batteries for mobile phones, laptops, digital cameras and electric vehicles. 
  • Lithium is also used in some non-rechargeable batteries for things like heart pacemakers, toys and clocks.

What is Geological Survey of India? 

  • It was set up in 1851 primarily to find coal deposits for the Railways.
  • Over the years, it has attained the status of a geo-scientific organisation of international repute.
  • Main function: Creation and updation of national geo-scientific information and mineral resource assessment.
  • Headquarter: Kolkata 
  • Six regional offices: Lucknow, Jaipur, Nagpur, Hyderabad, Shillong and Kolkata. 
  • Every state also has a state unit.
  • Presently, GSI is an attached office to the Ministry of Mines.

News Source: PIB 

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