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Trafficking in Persons Report

  • IASbaba
  • July 5, 2021
  • 0
UPSC Articles
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Trafficking in Persons Report

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II – Issues related to children and women

About the Report

  • It is released by the US State Department
  • It is world’s most comprehensive resource of governmental anti-trafficking efforts.
  • It is also U.S. Government’s principal diplomatic tool to engage foreign governments on human trafficking.

What are the key findings of the Report?

  • According 2021 report, the Covid-19 pandemic has resulted in an increase in vulnerability to human trafficking and interrupted existing anti-traffic efforts.
    • Human trafficking involves the illegal transport of individuals by force or deception for the purpose of labour, sexual exploitation, or activities in which others benefit financially.
  • India has not met the minimum standards to eliminate trafficking. The efforts made by the government are inadequate.
  • Chinese government is engaged in widespread forced labour

What are the relevant Laws in India?

  • Article 23 prohibits human trafficking and begar (forced labour without payment).
  • Article 24 forbids employment of children below the age of 14 years in dangerous jobs like factories and mines.
  • Indian Penal Code (IPC) Section:
    • Section 370 and 370A of IPC provide for comprehensive measures to counter the menace of human trafficking 
    • Sections 372 and 373 dealing with selling and buying of girls for the purpose of prostitution.

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