Ozone Levels Exceeding Permitted Levels
Part of: GS Prelims and GS -III -Pollution
In news Recently, a Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) study has found that ozone levels are exceeding the permitted levels even during winter in Delhi-NCR, making the smog more “toxic”.
- Despite the pandemic and lockdowns, more days and locations witnessed higher and longer duration of ozone spells.
- CSE is a public interest research and advocacy organisation based in New Delhi.
What are the key findings of the report?
- Contrary to the notion that Ozone is a summer phenomenon, it has been found that gas has emerged as an equally strong concern during winter as well.
- But the ‘good’ category days have fallen to 115 days in 2020, which is 24 days less than in 2019 in Delhi.
- A location-wise analysis shows that exceeding the eight-hour average standard is quite widely distributed in the city.
- Even smaller towns of NCR, including Bulandshahr in Uttar Pradesh and Bhiwani in Haryana, appeared in the top 20 list of ozone-afflicted towns and cities. South Delhi locations dominate the list with four mentions in top 10.
What is Smog?
- Smog is air pollution that reduces visibility.
- The term “smog” was first used in the early 1900s to describe a mix of smoke and fog.
- The smoke usually came from burning coal. Smog is common in industrial areas, and remains a familiar sight in cities today. Today, most of the smog we see is Photochemical Smog.
- Photochemical smog is produced when sunlight reacts with nitrogen oxides (NOx) and at least one volatile organic compound (VOC) in the atmosphere.
- Nitrogen oxides come from car exhaust, coal power plants, and factory emissions. VOCs are released from gasoline, paints, and many cleaning solvents. When sunlight hits these chemicals, they form airborne particles and ground-level ozone – or smog.
What is Ozone?
- Ozone (composed of three atoms of oxygen) is a gas that occurs both in the Earth’s upper atmosphere and at ground level.
- Ozone can be “good” or “bad” for health and the environment, depending on its location in the atmosphere.
- The ‘good’ ozone present in the earth’s stratosphere layer protects human beings from harmful Ultraviolet (UV) radiation whereas the ground level ozone is highly reactive and can have adverse impacts on human health.
- Ground level ozone is dangerous for those suffering from respiratory conditions and asthma.
News Source: TH