Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2021
Part of: Prelims and GS – I – Population and its dimensions and GS -II – Policies and interventions
Context Swachh Survekshan Grameen, 2021 was launched recently under the Swachh Bharat Mission Phase- 2.
- It aims to support acceleration of ODF plus interventions and results in the country.
About Swachh Survekshan Grameen (SSG), 2021
- An expert agency has been hired to conduct the Survekshan 2021.
- As part of the Survekshan, Villages, Districts and States would be ranked using key parameters.
- 17,475 villages in 698 Districts across the country will be covered where schools, anganwadis, public health centres, haat/bazaars/religious places will be visited for survey.
- Also, citizens will be mobilised to provide feedback on sanitation related issues online using an application developed for the purpose.
What is the Background of SSG?
- It was Commissioned by the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS) under the Ministry of Jal Shakti.
- It has been a vehicle for creating a Janandolan (people’s movement).
- Districts are ranked based on their performance on key quality and quantitative parameters.
- The weights to different elements of the SSG 2021 are as below:
- Direct Observation of sanitation at public places – 30%
- Citizen’s Feedback – 35%
- Service Level Progress on sanitation related parameters – 35%
What is Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) Phase-II?
- SBM (G) Phase-II was approved in February 2020 by the Ministry of Jal Shakti and will be implemented from 2020-21 to 2024-25 with total outlay of Rs. 1,40,881 crores.
- It emphasizes the sustainability of achievements under phase I and to provide adequate facilities for Solid/Liquid & plastic Waste Management (SLWM) in rural India.
- The fund sharing pattern between Centre and States will be 90:10 for North-Eastern States and Himalayan States and UT of J&K; 60:40 for other States; and 100% for other Union Territories.
About Open Defecation Free (ODF), ODF+, ODF++ Status (for Town and Cities)
- ODF: At any point of the day, not even a single person is found defecating in the open.
- ODF+: At any point of the day, not a single person is found defecating and/or urinating in the open, and all community and public toilets are functional and well maintained.
- ODF++: If the area is already ODF+ and the faecal sludge/septage and sewage are safely managed and treated