Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2021

  • IASbaba
  • September 11, 2021
  • 0
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Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2021

Part of: Prelims and GS – I – Population and its dimensions and GS -II – Policies and interventions 

Context Swachh Survekshan Grameen, 2021 was launched recently under the Swachh Bharat Mission Phase- 2.

  • It aims to support acceleration of ODF plus interventions and results in the country.

About Swachh Survekshan Grameen (SSG), 2021 

  • An expert agency has been hired to conduct the Survekshan 2021.
  • As part of the Survekshan, Villages, Districts and States would be ranked using key parameters.
  • 17,475 villages in 698 Districts across the country will be covered where schools, anganwadis, public health centres, haat/bazaars/religious places will be visited for survey.
  • Also, citizens will be mobilised to provide feedback on sanitation related issues online using an application developed for the purpose.

What is the Background of SSG?

  • It was Commissioned by the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS) under the Ministry of Jal Shakti.
  • It has been a vehicle for creating a Janandolan (people’s movement).
  • Districts are ranked based on their performance on key quality and quantitative parameters.
  • The weights to different elements of the SSG 2021 are as below:
    • Direct Observation of sanitation at public places – 30%
    • Citizen’s Feedback – 35%
    • Service Level Progress on sanitation related parameters – 35%

What is Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) Phase-II?

  • SBM (G) Phase-II was approved in February 2020 by the Ministry of Jal Shakti and will be implemented from 2020-21 to 2024-25 with total outlay of Rs. 1,40,881 crores.
  • It emphasizes the sustainability of achievements under phase I and to provide adequate facilities for Solid/Liquid & plastic Waste Management (SLWM) in rural India.
  • The fund sharing pattern between Centre and States will be 90:10 for North-Eastern States and Himalayan States and UT of J&K; 60:40 for other States; and 100% for other Union Territories.

About Open Defecation Free (ODF), ODF+, ODF++ Status (for Town and Cities)

  • ODF: At any point of the day, not even a single person is found defecating in the open.
  • ODF+: At any point of the day, not a single person is found defecating and/or urinating in the open, and all community and public toilets are functional and well maintained.
  • ODF++: If the area is already ODF+ and the faecal sludge/septage and sewage are safely managed and treated

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