Ballistic missiles

  • IASbaba
  • January 17, 2022
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Ballistic missiles

Part of: Prelims and GS-II – International Relations and GS-III Defence and security

Context  Iran displayed three ballistic missiles recently.

  • The missiles — known as Dezful, Qiam and Zolfaghar — have official ranges of up to 1,000 km and are already-known models

Ballistic missile

  • Aa ballistic missile follows a ballistic trajectory (projectile motion) to deliver one or more warheads on a predetermined target. 
  • Short-range ballistic missiles stay within the Earth’s atmosphere, while intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) are launched on a sub-orbital trajectory.
  • It is a rocket-propelled self-guided strategic-weapons system 
  • It can carry conventional high explosives as well as chemical, biological, or nuclear munitions.
  • The Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCOC), is a political initiative aimed at globally curbing ballistic missile proliferation.
    • India is a signatory to this convention.
  • The voluntary Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) aims to limit the spread of ballistic missiles and other unmanned delivery systems that could be used for chemical, biological, and nuclear attacks.
    • India has joined the MTCR.

Some of India’s Ballistic Missiles:

  • Agni P missile
  • Shaurya missile
  • Prithvi missile
  • Dhanush, etc.

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