Year End Review 2021: Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs

  • IASbaba
  • January 5, 2022
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Year End Review 2021: Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs

Part of: Prelims 

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Urban (PMAY-U)

  • To address urban housing shortage including the slum dwellers by ensuring a pucca house to eligible urban households by the year 2022
  • The technology used to build the houses at faster speed was innovative, specially the Light House projects as part of Global Housing Technology Challenge – India (GHTC -India) initiative, in six States
  • The initiative led to a new era in the construction technology in India, thus giving impetus to Make in India initiative.  
  • Bringing people and technology together, LHPs will pave the way for a new eco- system where globally proven technologies will be adopted for cost-effective, environment friendly and speedier construction. 
  • Advantages of these LHPs are many, the primary ones being durability, climate-resilient, affordability, safety and speed.

Technology Sub-Mission (TSM)

  • Set up to facilitate the adoption of innovative, sustainable, eco-friendly and disaster-resilient technologies and building materials for low-cost, speedier and quality construction of houses. 
  • Has the potential to bring a paradigm shift in the overall housing construction sector in the country.

Affordable Rental Housing Complexes (ARHC) Scheme

  • To achieve overall objective of “Housing for All” encompassing the need of affordable rental housing for urban migrants/poor. 
  • ARHCs will provide them dignified living with necessary civic amenities near their place of work.

City Innovation Exchange (CiX) platform

  • Launched under Smart Cities Mission (SCM), the platform focuses on fostering innovative practices in cities. CiX, through an ‘open innovation’ process, engages with innovators to design-test-deliver on solutions to pressing urban challenges. 


  • A SmartCode is a platform was launched by MoHUA that enables all ecosystem stakeholders to contribute to a repository of open-source code for various solutions and applications for urban governance. 
  • It is designed to address the challenges that ULBs face in the development and deployment of digital applications to address urban challenges, by enabling cities to take advantage of existing codes and customising them to suit local needs, rather than having to develop new solutions from scratch. 
  • The India Urban Data Exchange has been developed 
  • A New smart cities website & Geospatial management information system GMIS for project monitoring was also developed to implement and proper scrutiny of the projects under SCM.


  • Aiming to bring together cities, citizen groups, and start-ups to develop solutions that improve public transport to better serve the needs of all citizens. 
  • Started the EatSmart Cities Challenge which aimed to motivate Smart Cities to develop a plan that supports a healthy, safe and sustainable food environment supported by institutional, physical, social, and economic infrastructure along with the application of ‘smart’ solutions to combat food related issues.

National Urban Digital Mission (NUDM) 

  • Will create a shared digital infrastructure for urban India, working across the three pillars of people, process, and platform to provide holistic support to cities and towns. 
  • It will institutionalise a citizen-centric and ecosystem-driven approach to urban governance and service delivery in 2022 cities by 2022, and across all cities and towns in India by 2024.

Prime Minister Street Vendor’s AtmaNibhar Nidhi (PM SVANidhi) Scheme

  • Has given street food vendors online access to thousands of consumers and help these vendors grow their businesses. 
  • MoHUA launched the Mobile Application for PM SVANidhi se Samriddhi- Socio-economic profiling of PM SVANidhi beneficiaries and their families to link them to various Central Government Schemes

Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana –National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM) scheme 

  • A flagship scheme which aims towards alleviating urban poverty through building strong community institutions, providing skill training, access to affordable credit for self-employment, support for street vendors and shelters for the urban homeless.
  • Has focussed on equipping the urban poor women with adequate skills and opportunities, and to enable them to promote sustainable micro enterprises. 
  • It mobilises women from urban poor households into SHGs and their federations to create a support system for these women.

News Source: PIB

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