9,000-year-old shrine found in Jordan
Part of: Prelims and GS-I Culture
Context: A team of Jordanian and French archaeologists have found a roughly 9,000-year-old shrine at a remote Neolithic site in Jordan’s eastern desert.
- The ritual complex was found in a Neolithic campsite near large structures known as “desert kites,” or mass traps that are believed to have been used to confine wild gazelles for slaughter.
- Such traps consist of two or more long stone walls converging toward an enclosure and are found scattered across the deserts of the West Asia.
- The site is unique because of its preservation state.
- Within the shrine were two carved standing stones bearing anthropomorphic (having human characteristics) figures.
- The Neolithic Age, which means New Stone Age, was the last and third part of the Stone Age.
- In India, it spanned from around 7,000 B.C. to 1,000 B.C.
- The Neolithic Age is mainly characterized by the development of settled agriculture and the use of tools and weapons made of polished stones.
- The major crops grown during this period were ragi, horse gram, cotton, rice, wheat, and barley.
- Pottery first appeared in this age.
News Source: TH