Part of: Prelims and GS-II Health
Context: In India, Anti Leprosy Day is observed on 30th January every year.
- 30th January is Mahatma Gandhi’s martyrdom day. He was deeply committed to the cause of leprosy-affected persons.
What is Leprosy?
- Leprosy, also known as Hansen’s disease (HD), is a long-term infection by the bacteria Mycobacterium leprae or Mycobacterium lepromatosis.
- Infection can lead to damage of the nerves, respiratory tract, skin, and eyes.
- Leprosy is also one of the neglected tropical diseases.
Initiatives against Leprosy
- National Leprosy Eradication Programme is a centrally sponsored scheme. Its vision is “Leprosy-free India”.
- Under this, action is taken for early case detection, complete treatment of detected cases and to contain the onset of disease in close contacts.
- Other initiatives under the programme include leprosy awareness campaigns and services for Disability Prevention and Medical Rehabilitation such as provision of Microcellular Rubber footwear, Aids & Appliances and self-care kits.
- Under the programme, Reconstructive Surgeries are conducted and welfare allowance is paid to each patient undergoing Reconstructive Surgeries.
News Source: Newsonair