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SMILE: Support for Marginalised Individuals for Livelihood and Enterprise 

  • IASbaba
  • February 12, 2022
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SMILE: Support for Marginalised Individuals for Livelihood and Enterprise 

Part of: Prelims and Mains GS-II: Government schemes and policies

In News: SMILE is being launched for the Welfare of Transgender community and the Beggars

By: The Department of Social Justice & Empowerment

  • Designed to provide welfare measures to the Transgender community and the people engaged in the act of begging. 
  • Under this includes two sub-schemes – 
    • Central Sector Scheme for Comprehensive Rehabilitation for Welfare of Transgender Persons
    • Central Sector Scheme for Comprehensive Rehabilitation of persons engaged in the act of Begging
  • The scheme strengthens and expands the reach of the Rights that give the targeted group the necessary legal protection and a promise to a secured life. 
  • It keeps in mind the social security that is needed through multiple dimensions of identity, medical care, education, occupational opportunities and shelter. 
  • The Ministry has allocated Rs. 365 Crore for the scheme from 2021-22 to 2025-26.

Central Sector Scheme for Comprehensive Rehabilitation for Welfare of Transgender Persons

  • Scholarships for Transgender Students: Scholarships for students studying in IX and till post-graduation to enable them to complete their education.
  • Skill Development and Livelihood: Skill Development and Livelihood under PM-DAKSH scheme of the Department
  • Composite Medical Health: A comprehensive package in convergence with PM-JAY supporting Gender-Reaffirmation surgeries through selected hospitals
  • Housing in the form of ‘GarimaGreh’: Shelter Homes ‘Garima Greh’ where food, clothing, recreational facilities, skill development opportunities, recreational activities, medical support etc. will be provided
  • Provision of Transgender Protection Cell: Setting up of Transgender Protection in each state to monitor cases of offences and to ensure timely registration, investigation and prosecution of offences.
  • E-Services (National Portal & Helpline and Advertisement) and other Welfare Measures

Comprehensive Rehabilitation of persons engaged in the act of Begging

  • Survey and identification: Survey and Identification of beneficiaries shall be carried out by the Implementing Agencies.
  • Mobilisation: Outreach work will be done to mobilise the persons engaged in begging to avail the services available in the Shelter Homes.
  • Rescue/ Shelter Home: The shelter homes will facilitate education for children engaged in the act of Begging and children of persons engaged in the act of Begging.
  • Comprehensive resettlement.
  • Skill development/vocational training will be provided to attain capacity, capability and desirability so that they can sustain and live a life of dignity by engaging in self-employment.
  • Pilot projects initiated on Comprehensive Rehabilitation in ten cities namely Delhi, Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Indore, Lucknow, Mumbai, Nagpur, Patna and Ahmedabad.

News Source: PIB

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