Coronal Mass Ejections
Part of: GS-Prelims and GS-III: Science & Technology
In News: Indian researchers have developed a simple technique of separating the constant background of the Solar Colona and revealing the dynamic corona.
Significance of the Development
- Improve efficiency of identification of Coronal Mass Ejections (CME) — events in which a large cloud of energetic and highly magnetized plasma erupts from the solar corona into space, causing radio and magnetic disturbances on the earth.
- Give a clear picture of the characteristics of CMEs and make their study easier.
Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) are dynamic structures in the Solar Corona and are capable of driving the Space Weather in near-Earth space.
- The density of the outermost layer of the atmosphere of the Sun – Corona – decreases with distance radially outwards.
- As the intensity of the corona observed in white light depends on the density of particles in the atmosphere, it decreases exponentially.
- If the contrast between the constant corona and transient CMEs is not high, detection of CMEs becomes a challenge.
- This method, which subtracts the constant background, brings out the transient corona, followed by dividing the result by an azimuthally uniform background to reduce the radial decrease in intensity.
- A combination of these two steps allows us to identify the structures such as CMEs throughout the field of view of the coronagraph images.
News Source: PIB