1. The rise of rogue nations thirsty for vengeance is mostly a result of past humiliations? Do you agree? Substantiate your views. (10 Marks)
प्रतिशोध के लिए प्यासे राष्ट्रों का उदय ज्यादातर पिछले अपमानों का परिणाम है? क्या आप सहमत हैं? अपने विचारों की पुष्टि करें।
Candidates need to write about the rogue states and with few examples explain the term. Also highlight the background and rise of rogue states in context of world history.
We Consider North Korea, Iran, Sudan, and Syria as “rogue states.” The concept of Rogue State, however, is not a novel one in global history. Germany under the rule of the ruthless Adolf Hitler, Libya under notorious Muammar Gaddafi, and Iraq under the reign of iniquitous Saddam Hussein were all once considered rogue states.
Rogue state bieng seen to meet certain criteria, such as being ruled by authoritarian or totalitarian governments that severely restrict human rights, sponsoring terrorism and seeking to proliferate weapons of mass destruction.
Rise of rogue states:
- Due to possession of Nuclear weapons with Iran, North Korea, many countries perceive it as a rogue state. Also, countries with no nuclear weapons such as afghanistan libya sudan can disrespect international order and laws known as rogue state.
- These countries has gone through many conflicts due to internal disturbance, cold War politics and geo strategic location.
- There were sanctions including embargoes on weapons imports and exports, frozen funds and bank transfers, restrictions on travel for example on North Korean diplomats and a ban on imports of luxury goods.
- The US-led invasion of Iraq in 2003 marks an important turning point in Iraq’s history. The events brought an end to Ba’ath party’s decades-long reign and Saddam Hussein’s dictatorial administration.
- In 2011, the first civil war broke out in Libya against the regime of Gaddafi. This war was a part of a series of anti-dictatorial protests in countries of Arab world known as the Arab Spring.
- In response to the civil war, a multi-state NATO-led coalition began a military intervention in Libya in March 2011, aimed at protecting civilians and providing cover for a rebel advance.
- Soviet invaded Afghanistan in 1979. “Mujahideen” fighters (separatist group), with the U.S.’s support, repelled Soviet forces in the 1980s. Soviet withdrew in 1989 and the government collapse. Subsequently, civil war erupted for control of the country.
Generally, rogue states do not play by the rules of international politics. Rather they are outsiders to the international community who defiantly flout and show contempt for international laws and policies that are meant to promote global peace with an aim of attaining their own selfish interests and disturb global peace.