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Strait of Hormuz

  • IASbaba
  • June 23, 2022
  • 0
Geography
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In News: A U.S. Navy warship fired a warning flare to wave off an Iranian Revolutionary Guard speedboat coming straight at it during a tense encounter in the strategic Strait of Hormuz

Strait of Hormuz

  • The waterway separates Iran and Oman, linking the Persian Gulf to the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea.
  • The Strait is 33 km wide at its narrowest point, but the shipping lane is just three km wide in either direction.
  • Most crude exported from Saudi Arabia, Iran, the UAE, Kuwait and Iraq – all members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) – is shipped through this waterway.
  • It is also the route used for nearly all the liquefied natural gas (LNG) produced by the world’s biggest LNG exporter, Qatar.

Background

  • Iran and world powers agreed in 2015 to the nuclear deal, which saw Tehran drastically limit its enrichment of uranium in exchange for the lifting of economic sanctions.
  • In 2018, then-President Donald Trump unilaterally withdrew America from the accord, raising tensions across the wider Middle East and sparking a series of attacks and incidents.
  • Talks in Vienna about reviving the deal have been on a pause since March.
  • Since the deal’s collapse, Iran has been running advanced centrifuges and rapidly growing stockpile of enriched uranium.

Source: The Hindu

Previous Year Questions

Q.1) Consider the following pairs: (2022)

Regions in News                                    Country

  1. Anatolia –                                       Turkey
  2. Amhara –                                      Ethiopia
  3. Cabo Delgado –                            Spain
  4. Catalonia –                                  Italy

How many pairs given above are correctly matched?

  1. Only one pair
  2. Only two pairs
  3. Only three pairs
  4. All four pairs

Q.2) Consider the following pairs: (2018)

Regions sometimes mentioned in news                     Country

  1. Catalonia                                            —                 Spain
  2. Crimea                                          —                     Hungary
  3. Mindanao                                    —                      Philippines
  4. Oromia                                  —                             Nigeria

Which of the pairs given above are correctly matched?

  1. 1, 2 and 3
  2. 3 and 4 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 2 and 4 only

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