• IASbaba
  • July 2, 2022
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Context: Anthrax, an infectious disease which affects domestic as well as wild animals, has been reported in wild boars.

  • Anthrax is caused by a spore-forming bacterium/gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria known as Bacillus anthracis which can be found naturally in soil. It mainly affects animals.
  • Humans can be infected through contact with an animal or by inhaling spores.
  • Symptoms depend on the route of infection. They can range from a skin ulcer to difficulty breathing.
  • Antibiotics cure most infections. Inhaled anthrax is harder to treat and can be fatal.

Source: The Indian Express


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