National Commission for Women

  • IASbaba
  • October 8, 2022
  • 0
Indian Polity & Constitution
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In news: The National Commission for Women (NCW) recently has summoned Congress leader over his “sycophancy” remark against the President of India.

  • Droupadi Murmu is India’s first tribal woman President of India.

About NCW:

  • It was set up as statutory body in 1992 under the National Commission for Women Act, 1990
  • It aims to review the Constitutional and Legal safeguards for women; recommend remedial legislative measures; facilitate redressal of grievances and advise the Government on all policy matters affecting women.
  • The Commission shall consist of :-
  • A Chairperson, nominated by the Central Government.
  • Five Members with expertise in law and issues related to women, nominated by the Central Government.
  • At least one Member each shall be from amongst persons belonging to the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes respectively
  • Member Secretary must be a central gazetted officer having management and sociological expertise and nominated by the Central Government.
  • The National Commission for Women submits all its reports to the Central Government, which is laid before the Parliament during sessions.
  • During the investigation of any matter before it, National Commission for Women has all the powers of a civil court.


  • Inquiry, Investigation and Examination of matters related to safeguards of women
  • Recommendation: to the Union as well State regarding improving the conditions of the women.
  • Review different laws related to women and suggest amendments to them.
  • Violation Cases: Takes up violation cases pertaining to the provisions of the Constitution and other laws related to women.
  • Suo-Moto Notice on matters pertaining to deprivation of women’s rights, non-implementation of laws, non-compliance policy decisions related to women etc.
  • Research: Undertake promotional and educational research to find ways to represent women in all spheres of life and improve their efficiency.
  • Planning: Participate in the process of planning related to the socio-economic development of women.
  • Progress Evaluation: Evaluate the progress related to the development of women in the State and the Union.
  • Inspection: Inspect the jail, remand homes etc., where women are kept as prisoners.
  • Funding: Litigations relating to funds affecting large women body.


  • The Commission prepared Gender Profiles to assess the status of women and their empowerment.
  • It acted suo-moto in several cases to provide speedy justice.
  • It took up the issue of child marriage, sponsored legal awareness programmes, Parivarik Mahila Lok Adalats and reviewed laws such as Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961, PNDT Act 1994, Indian Penal Code 1860 to make them more stringent and effective.
  • It organized workshops/consultations, constituted expert committees on economic empowerment of women, conducted workshops/seminars for gender awareness and took up publicity campaign against female foeticide, violence against women etc. in order to generate awareness in the society against these social evils.
  • The commission regularly brings out a monthly newsletter called “Rashtra Mahila”

Source: The Hindu


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