• IASbaba
  • December 9, 2022
  • 0
Science and Technology
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In News: Last week, OpenAI, introduced a new chatbot called ChatGPT.

About ChatGPT:


  • ChatGPT is a ‘conversational’ AI.
  • It is based on the company’s GPT 3.5 series of language learning models (LLM).
  • GPT stands for Generative Pre-trained Transformer 3
  • This is a kind of computer language model that relies on deep learning techniques to produce human-like text based on inputs.
  • It has gone viral is because of the kind of responses it gives, being seen as a replacement for much of the daily mundane writing, from an email to even college-style essays.
  • The model is trained to predict what will come next, and that’s why one can technically have a ‘conversation’ with ChatGPT.
  • It is trained using “Reinforcement Learning from Human Feedback (RLHF).”
  • OpenAI uses Microsoft Azure’s cloud infrastructure to run these models.
  • Users have the option of downvoting or upvoting a response.

How to access:

  • Currently, it is open in beta to all users.
  • One can go to the OpenAI website and sign up to try out ChatGPT by creating an account.
  • The chatbot has already crossed one million users, and you might get a message that the beta is full.


  • It will answer queries just like a human would.
  • Such as tips on how to set up a birthday party, write an essay on why parliamentary democracy is better, and even a fictional meeting between two well-known personalities.
  • It can answer follow-up questions and can also admit its mistakes, challenge incorrect premises, and reject inappropriate requests.
  • It is being seen as a replacement for the basic emails, party planning lists, CVs, and even college essays and homework.
  • It can also be used to write code, solve math equations, and even spot errors in code.
  • It can write fiction but not at the level of a humans.


  • It may generate incorrect information, and create “biased
  • Its knowledge of the world and events after 2021 is limited
  • It could give “plausible-sounding but incorrect or nonsensical
  • It can sometimes overuse certain phrases
  • The chatbot displayed clear racial and sexist biases
  • The chatbot gives answers which are grammatically correct and read well– though some have pointed out that these lack context and substance, which is largely true.

About Open AI:

  • ChatGPT is a start-up of Open AI focused on artificial intelligence and its potential use cases.
  • OpenAI’s notable investors include Microsoft, Khosla Ventures and Reid Hoffman’s charitable foundation. Greg Brockman is the company’s chairman and president, while Sam Altman is the CEO. Ilya Sutskever is Open AI’s chief scientist.
  • The company is best known for Dall-E — the AI-based text-to-image generator

Source: Indianexpress

Previous Year Question

Q1) With reference to Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs), consider the following statements (2022)

  1. They enable the digital representation of physical assets.
  2. They are unique cryptographic tokens that exist on a blockchain.
  3. They can be traded or exchanged at equivalency and therefore can be used as a medium of commercial transactions.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1 and 2 only
    2. 2 and 3 only
    3. 1 and 3 only.
    4. 1, 2 and 3


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