History and Art and Culture
Context: Stone carvings that archaeologists say date back to the Paleolithic period or the Stone Age. have been discovered in Gurugram.
About Rakhigarhi and discoveries:
- The discovery of stone carvings has been made in the Badshahpur area of Tethar village of Sohna.
- The petroglyphs discovered in the area include hand and footprints of animals and humans engraved on quartzite rocks and graffiti.
- Most of the carvings are of animal paws and human footprints, while some are just basic symbols, which had presumably been kept for some special purpose.
- Rakhigarhi in Haryana is the largest Harappan site in the Indian subcontinent.
- At Rakhigarhi, the excavations are being done to trace its beginnings and to study its gradual evolution from 6000 BCE (Pre-Harappan phase) to 2500 BCE.
- Rakhigarhi is an ideal candidate to believe that the beginning of the Harappan civilization took place in the Ghaggar basin in Haryana and it gradually grew from here.
Source: Times of India
Previous Year Questions
Q.1) Which one of the following ancient towns is well known for its elaborate system of water harvesting and management by building a series of dams and channelizing water into connected reservoirs? (2021)
Q.2) With reference to the period of the Gupta dynasty in ancient India, the towns Ghantasala, Kadura and Chaul were well known as (2020)
- ports handling foreign trade
- capitals of powerful kingdoms
- places of exquisite stone art and architecture
- important Buddhist pilgrimage centres
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