Interview Discussion- Day 12

Interview Discussion- Day 12


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Important Guidelines

  • In real interview one will never get much time to express, so try to visualize and then write succinctly.  Do not consider it an essay
  • Raise counter questions when reviewing others. This will broaden the dimensions as the same will happen in interview.
  • Counter questions will help in better expression as well as expose to various aspects one may have missed while writing. It will lead to better understanding of the issue.

The issue for discussion today is the following:

India is always in election mode. In fact we see at least three states going to polls every year. There have been many changes in the voting behaviour of Indian voters though. At the same time, certain tendencies have persisted.


Can you comment on the voting behaviour of Indians? Do they vote differently in assembly polls than in general elections? Is development the prime criterion now? Have caste, religion, language and region lost their space from the electoral discourse? Has Indian voter matured?



  • Harnoor singh

    Elections are a part and parcel of the democratic fabric of any country
    Regarding voters behaviour..
    1..we can observe..increasing participation of people at a general level.
    2.the level of awareness and participation in elections by women has

  • Abhilash M Gowda

    In the democratic setup of India elections have become frequent for the 3 tiers of government and along with the unexpected bypolls.

    Voting Behaviour of Indians
    1) Rural India participate in large number and enthusiastically compared to urban India.
    2) Men outnumber the women in participation due to the patriarchial setup.
    3) There are less individual chioces available in the family because all of them are instructed to same candidate.

    Assembly polls and general elections voting behaviour
    1) Most of states have assembly and general polls at different point of time so the chances to vote for a same party is marginally less.
    2) People think of better option in state and centre by their previous experiences and make the choice.
    3) Regional parties in assembly polls will get a good mileage over national parties which is totally opposite in general elections.

    Development as a criteria.
    1) The voters agian get divided on the issue of development over the classes of society where the well settled class vote for developement bu the lower middle class and the below poverty line class are being bribed by the political parties with money.
    2) States which are having good socio economic indicators vote mostly for the development.

    Role of caste,religion,language and region in elections
    1) Certianly the voters are getting influenced by the above mentioned factors.
    2) Candidates contesting for the elections were canvasing with the help of above mentioned factors.
    3) The voters are also getting most influenced by these factors and separating them from others.

    To a some extent Indian voter had matured but the problems of electoral funding,frequent elections,sectional divide are the problems which exists in India.Being an biggest democracy of the world it needs to bring more transperacy and accountability in elections for free and fare elections giving him to choose his own choice without any external influences.

  • Azadveer Kaur

    Regarding voting behaviour of masses:
    1.larger participation among the people can be seen
    2. increasing awareness especially through use of social media which has largely affected the youth
    3.But due to increasing economic disparities, poor lot are increasingly accepting freebies during elections, thereby impinging on free & fair elections

    during voting for general elections, issues of national importance serve as important factor behind voting patterns. But this is largely true for educated masses and not for majority population. People still vote according to sentiments attached to particular party whether that is in centre or in State.

    Development as prime criteria is slowly becoming important with increasing consciousness among people about issues concerning them like health, education , safety & sanitation.

    caste , religion , language etc. still largely effect voter behaviour but still positive trends can be seen. Indian voter is in process of getting matured and it can be accelerated with literacy , awareness about voting rights , the importance of this right in democracy and strict implementation of laws regarding ensuring fair elections

    • Hope

      What are your opinions regarding distribution of freebies in elections? Should it be banned or continued?

      • Azadveer kaur

        i don’t feel that it should be banned completely. These freebies do benefit masses sometimes like distributing sewing machines , bicyles for girl students etc. I mean freebies which have long term positive impacts , which enable them to earn something should be allowed. But ofcourse, there has to be limit on time slot before voting day during which these things can be distributed. this will help in minimizing their impact on voting behaviour

        but at same time , things like buying vote with cash, distributing liquor, non-veg dinner treats to poor etc must be banned completely.

        Thanks for your question.


    In India we are bestowed with Universal adult suffrage when it comes to elections and voting.
    But the voting behaviour has some important determinants like Race,Caste,Community,Creed,Cadre/political party, Ideology,Personality /Charisma of the leader, Capability of the candidate,Regional affiliation and Development. The voting behaviour clinged more to social parameters in the earlier decades but now the dynamics is slowly changing. Mass mobilisation based on caste and community has started to decline slowly and parameters like development ,welfare, social justice, candidate’s eligibility have started to seep in into the criteria list of voting. Many first time voters who have attained 18 years or the proportion of young voters has increased in these few years. They might bring change in the voting pattern.Statistics showed that proportion of participation in voting is more in rural areas compared to urban areas in few states which went to polling. Participation of women in voting process has increased. There is difference when it comes to general elections and assembly elections where in national interests and regional interests play a role respectively.
    In conclusion voting behaviour is interlinked dimension and factors like age, caste,language ,region, awareness, ideology inclination, exposure to media, education,awareness,loyalty to cadre play a decisive role on the voting behaviour of the people. Indian voter has definitely turned out to be mature than before. Its relative and not conclusive. Some deeply etched social equations of caste and religion are not easily dilutable but for sure there is a gradual shift from these old patterns towards developmental parameters.

    • Hope

      Vibrant nice answer. Can you suggest some radical reform measure so that development agenda take centre stage replacing factors like caste, religion and region.

      • VIBRANT

        Hope, thank you for your feedback on my maiden answer on this platform.
        Well i am of the view that radical changes or reform to bring development agenda to centre stage sidelining caste,region and religion in the present socio-economic ,cultural and political context seems a rare possibility as it requires structural change to dismantle these centuries old social institutions but gradual change step by step can be brought about.
        To mention a few,
        Reform in education system and developing more rational and scientific society to bring about change in mindset (through awareness and education)
        To focus on Job creation and skill development to increase employability and help capacity building and not mere food distribution and subsidies.
        Social welfare schemes to empower the various socially and economically deprived groups.
        To uphold the national interest in the spirit of constitutional ethos as a major agenda than mobilise the masses on the narrow fault lines of society for the sake of increasing number of votes to win.
        Development requires proper implementation of well planned policies and priority based addressal of various issues. This is possible through political will as well as co ordinated effort of executive as well as people’s participation.

        • PS

          recent sc judgement that appeal to religion/caste/language/etc in elections would be treated as corrupt practice will deter candidates and parties to do the same

  • SYA

    Voting behavior is different in case of different states .
    Secondly at Centre it depends on personality of leader and anti incumbency .

    Another important point is No voter wants to waste his vote , so if they see that a candidate is good but there are less chances of his victory then they wont give him his vote .

    Development isn’t only criterion because Indian voter is always apprehensive that a leader or his party might exclude his caste or community while making the policies . Also he considers his safety above development . Another point is people aren’t sure what does development exactly means .

    Caste religion culture still plays a key role in India despite of fact that literacy rate is going up . People are more sensitive about cultural rather than social issues as seen in jallikattu also .

    Maturity is increasing in the sense that people knows that majority government is extremely important as compared to coalition government .


    dear baba; please tell me when the mains results will come if u know …..

    • vishi

      within two days for sure..


        thanks. but are u sure or is it merely a speculation ?

        • Sudhanshu Shekhar

          Just like few news websites.

  • Hope

    Sir, In India the percentage of voters are on rise which is in contrast with declining voting ration in western developed countries. Also in parliamentary election the voting increase have been sharp which shows deeping of democratic process in India.

    Indians do vote differently in assembly and general elections. During general election the agenda is more on national level while in assembly election local agenda is considered more during voting which reflect in different outcomes in assembly and general elections. Also during assembly election the caste, religion, language equation matters more in deciding a voters preferences.

    Development seems to be gradually replacing caste, religion and language space as it was seen in 16th Lok Sabha election held in 2014 when the winning party used Gujarat development as role model for development of nation. Also in current assembly election we do witness that acrimony and hatred spreading on communal lines have reduced to a great extent in states(Uttar Pradesh, Punjab) where communal riots prior to election had become norms.

    Yes i do think that due to massive SVEEP exercise by ECI and many NGO’s and governmental awareness camp the election literacy among common Indian has increased and maturity level has risen but still more efforts will be required to sustain it and improve it further.

    • Sudhanshu Shekhar

      You have mentioned good points.

    • PS

      can we mention use of NOTA??

  • Sudhanshu Shekhar

    India embraced Democracy and Federalism. People have the right to exercise their democratic rights either at central, assembly or PRI level. Due to this there mostly is election going on in one state or another.
    There have been changes in the voting behaviour of Indians. Earlier hardly 50% voters voted. But in the 2014 General Elections 66% voters exercised their power. There has also been a marked increase in women participation. People have become more sensitive to the mal-governance and corrupt practices. That’s why people voted against the incumbent in 2014 elections. Thus voters have become more informed.
    But still caste and religion based voting is practised. This can be seen by the fatwas issued during the elections.
    But we can see a positive trend towards matured electors and in the future people will come out to vote above partisan interests. This will be hastened by the liberal decisions of the Judiciary as recently seen in making election secular and banning the practice of soliciting votes in the name of religion.

    • PS

      can we mention use of NOTA?

      • Sudhanshu Shekhar

        NOTA is an innovative step from the side of government. You can mention it though.

        • PS

          Yar result kab tak aega kuch pata hai kya?

          • Sudhanshu Shekhar

            Trust me. A lot in my life is pending because of this damn result. And I have no idea.

  • V Kumar


    Indian voters votes on many factors starting from personal benefit to national and international interest. Since independence when one party was dominating in national and regional politics, The choice of voters has change significantly. Now, they are voting in national and assembly election differently. Regional parties has greater share and role in regional politics.

    Many times caste, religion, and other calculations by media and experts have failed in predicting the behavior of voters. Voter percentage has increased significantly with the initiative of EC and other institution but still maturity need to achieve. Voters are not out rightly rejecting the corrupt and criminal background contestant. So, Political parities are finding winability in this kind of contestant and giving them ticket.

    Elections are very important part of our democratic right and faith in democracy. We as voters should complain many things with government but forget our part to choose honest and hardworking leaders. Reform in democracy will start from here itself.

  • Axi Tak

    India is a diverse country, I don’t mean just in case if religion, caste or culture. It is diverse as every Indian has a different ideology that goes behind voting procedure:
    1. Educated class of Indians take international relations, globalization and other factors into consideration while voting.
    2. Middle class is struggling from financial issues and they vote for someone who can look after there welfare.
    3. Poor and uneducated sector cannot fulfill there everyday basic needs so they look for someone who can bring equality and fulfill there demands of basic needs.
    4. Elite class of Indians who look at at the world through the lens of being more liberal and democratic. (newly rising small class of Indians)
    So everyone has a different agenda while voting.
    Two classes of parties one is the more ideological and other is more pragmatic. The pragmatic parties are attracting more votes as they are more welfare oriented and as India has a large population dealing with poverty, they gain more votes.

    Yes, voters vote differently in general and assembly elections as in general they look for national growth and development as major issues but when it comes to assembly elections the every day local needs are brought into light. (Jallikattu which is restricted to Tamil Nadu). Personality cult plays a major role in assembly elections.

    India has its roots way too deep in culturally and religiously. It is always in the back of mind of every Indian but now they are looking for more development, education and other welfare factors that lead to growth and betterment.

    Indian voter is what we call, WORK IN PROGRESS. Now people are more aware and educated about their issues and surroundings. Now they are able to read between the lines and promises made by politicians. Now they are not easy to bluff and made fool of. Thanks to the growing digital era which is leading to more aware Indians.

  • Chestnut

    With diversity and disparity existing wider in its form, a uniform voting behaviour can’t be expected. States with no significant influence of regional parties on their public have more or less traslated the performance of national parties as was in the general election but few states do show difference e.g. Tamil Nadu,etc. Though development is definitely a important criteria but this doesn’t mean that influence of other factors is nil. Many time caste, religion etc becomes more decisive in certain areas. But this doesn’t mean that these factors are anti-developmental. Another way to look at it is, if the interests of minorities(dalits, muslims etc)are protected the direction of development is in right way. But the problem is when this same factors are used to fuel in disharmony in the society of such diversity(rich vs poor, hindu vs muslim, brahmin vs dalit etc). Now the problem lies in the way politics as an occupation has become primarily for exertion of power and influence rather than being the support system for the weaker section to grow well and not other way round.

    But with the growing voter turnout a better and more responsible voter attitude in future can be expected.

  • sbt57

    Sir,voting behaviour in India is quite complex given the diversity and evolving nature of our democracy.Voting behaviour is determined by a mix of local agenda,party ideology,primordial identity like caste,religion and so on.

    I lack sufficient knowledge to answer this question but based on my limited observation,voters tend to different criteria while voting in assembly polls and general election.This is because during assembly polls, candidates are more familiar and reachable.But during general election,party agenda and central leadership can be an important criteria.

    I think development is one of the criteria among many critical issues.There are other factors like candidate’s image,party affiliation,his/her caste,religion etc.However, there is shift towards development discourse. I think this is due to greater literacy and increasing dominance of market forces where need for state as a development agent is lesser than in a socialistic system.

    Honestly sir, I don’t think we can define “matured voter” as such. For example, in U.S., people voted for Trump in spite of his vitriolic campaign. On the other hand, Indian voter ousted Mrs. Indira Gandhi back in 1977. Voting choice is culmination of social,political and economic factors and I believe,most voters make their choice very consciously. This makes democracy beautiful in spite of all its flaws.

  • VKS

    India’s social condition is factioned in terms of religion, caste etc. It have been exploited for vote bank and is evidenced by voting pattern too… But it has been changing in recent times and barrier of caste politics is reducing and development is getting central traction. Regarding voting pattern at central and states election, Indian voting pattern have been changing and now regional party have gained importance also. Electoral education is playing important role in maturing voter.. therfore the pattern is showing mature trend with time..

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