Note: Note down the recent amendments from 91st Amendment Act, 2003 till date.
A general understanding on the difference between Prime Ministerial and Presidential form of Government, its merits and de-merits.
Union Executive– President, Vice-President, Prime Minister, Central Council of Ministers, Attorney General
Election procedure/Mode of Appointment
Powers and Functions Example: Veto power, Ordinance making power, Pardoning power (article 72) of the president
Relationship between President and Prime-Minister with regard to their roles and responsibilities
Note: Be aware of the recent issues w.r.t to Pardoning power (as was in the case of Ajmal Kasab, Afzal Guru), Impeachment, Ordinance-making Power of the President
Central Council of Ministers (COM)
Importance of 91st Amendment Act with regard to composition of COM
Difference between COM’s and Cabinet Ministers
Cabinet ministers, Cabinet Committees – their role and responsibilities
Understand the concept of collective responsibility, kitchen cabinet
Union Legislature – Parliament
Atleast 25-30% (out of total questions in Polity) of the marks come from this chapter and is the most important topic from the exam’s perspective. The entire chapter is important!
Working of the Parliament– Role and functions of the Parliament; Sessions, Motions, Parliamentary procedure – Summoning, Prorogation, Joint sitting
Devices of Parliamentary proceedings like Question Hour, Zero Hour, Adjournment Motion etc.
Similarities and Differences between Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, their composition, election, powers and functions; Special powers of Rajya Sabha
Qualifications and Disqualification’s of members; Anti defection law
Enactment/Procedure to make Law– Different stages in passing of a Bill; Different types of bills – Ordinary Bill, Money Bill, Finance Bill –its importance
Budget-Enactment of Budget; What does the budget contain? Its significance. What do you understand by Charged Expenditure?
Funds available like Consolidated Fund, Contingency Fund, Public Accounts Fund- who authorizes it, what does it contain?
Role of important institutions in the Parliament like Speaker and Chairman of RajyaSabha – their election, removal/resignation, functions
Role of Leader of opposition (LoP)
Importance of Parliamentary Committees –Estimates Committee, Business Advisory Committee, Committee on Government Assurance – their composition, functions, and a general idea about the less significant committees like Rules Committee etc.
SOURCES TO REFER :
Indian Polity – M Laxmikanth
Introduction to Indian Constitution – D.D.Basu
2nd July 2015
SUBJECT & TOPIC :
Indian Geography– Minerals, Climate
Major areas where they are found
Characteristics of the minerals
It’s Uses and Environmental impact.
Example: Coal occurs mainly in Gondwana region. It is used in power generation, but since it’s a fossil fuel it leads to release of CO2 (a major greenhouse gas)
Note: Before studying about Monsoons, go through the Climate topic under World Geography for Basic understanding on Climate and Weather.
Factors determining the Climate of India
It’s nature/characteristics, significance and impact
Upper Air circulation- Jet streams, Westerlies
Cyclones – tropical and temperate
El-Nino, La-Nino (More Emphasis should be given)
How is it developed?
How does this effect Indian climate and vegetation
Related concepts like upwelling and its advantages
SOURCES TO REFER :
NCERT – Geography – Class 9 ‘Contemporary India –I’
NCERT – Geography – Class 10 ‘Contemporary India –II’
NCERT – Geography – Class 11 ‘India : Physical Environment’
3rd July 2015
SUBJECT & TOPIC :
Indian Geography -Soil
Soils in India –Alluvial, Black, Red, Laterite – Its location (availability); Characteristics; Crops grown.
Example: Laterite soil contains iron oxide which imparts red colour to the soil. Its poor in humus and nitrogen due to heavy leaching. It’s found in Western Coastal plain