IASbaba's Think and Learn-Mains 2015, Think and Learn, Think and Learn-2015, UPSC, UPSC Mains- Think and Learn-2015
Synopsis and Review – Think and Learn [Day 20]
GS 1) Several women leaders contributed immensely in shaping the constitution of India by participating in the debates of the Constituent Assembly of India. Discuss prominent contribution by women leaders in making constitution of India.
The Top Answer for this question is written by – Ajulkumar Pandya
Ans) Role of Women in Constituent Assembly was meagre. Some 15 women out of 299 seats represented 48% (1941 Census) of female population of India in 1946
Important figures were:
Purnima Banerjee & Renuka Ray both supported Democratic Secular State, with no state religion.
Dakshayani Velayudhan: Opposed separate electorate for untouchables though she belonged to poor farmer family of low caste in Kerala.
Begum Aizaz Rasul & Rajkumari Amrit Kaur also opposed separate electorates for minorities and reservations of seats in legislative assemblies.
Hansa Mehta: Supported for uniform Civil Code
Durgabai Deshmukh: called protection of safeguarding Languages other than Hindi and English.
But, most of views and amendments of Women in Constituent Assembly were either failed to pass or were included in Directive principles of State policy, except Article 25.
Here, we can observe women’s role was not limited to Gender matters only. They spoke against reservation but demanded complete political equality with men. I believe women took most progressive stand in Constituent Assembly.
GS 2) Discuss the key recommendations of the N R Madhava Menon panel on Government advertisements.
The Top Answer for this question is written by – Nishant
Ans) Government advertisements (ads) projecting political leaders and their achievements have become a common affair. It is argued that such ads are printed out of taxpayer’s money to gain personal mileage by the incumbent government. In this regard, the Supreme Court had set up the Madhav Menon Committee on regulation of government ads.
Key observations by the panel are:
1. Wrongly give rise to personality cult in a democracy
2. Mislead citizenry during election time
3. Politicization of development works
4. Abuse of tax money
The Committee recommends such ad should not contain:
1. Pictures of political leaders except the President and Prime Minister
2. Names, website links of any political party
3. Any derogatory remark on Opposition parties
4. Political logos/symbols/ flags etc
The panel further suggests that:
5. Content of government ads should limit to new schemes, public safety and awareness.
6. Prior to election ads regarding only job postings, law and order should be permitted.
7. Multiple ads on important birth/death anniversaries of prominent leaders should be avoided.
8. Additionally an Ombudsman may be setup to check violations of these guidelines.
Such personal glorification and image-making at public expense is a direct antithesis of democratic functioning. The Supreme Court, in a landmark judgment, has thus restrained the government from publishing the photographs of political leaders, ministers or prominent persons in government advertisements.
GS 3) What do you understand by Limited Liability Partnerships? How they are different from Joint Stock Companies and Private Limited Companies? Elucidate.
The Top Answer for this question is written by – Aditi
Ans) Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) is an association of persons formed, within a view to profit,
Under the provision of Limited liability partnership act 2009. In LLP all partners have very limited liabilities and one partner is not responsible or liable for another person’s misconduct or negligence. LLP combines the advantage of both the company and partnership into single form of organization where the registration and maintenance cost of the firm would be minimum.
Advantage of LLP –
– Separate legal entity
– Limited liability of members.
– Shares are not freely transferable.
– No mutual agency.
Difference between LLP and Partnership firm –
Under partnership firm every partner is liable jointly with all the other partners for all the acts of firm, liability of partner in LLP is limited and there is no mutual agency i.e. no partner is liable on account of unauthorized act of other partner.
Difference between LLP and Joint stock company
Joint Stock Company lies in the internal governance structure of the company which is regulated by companies act 2013 whereas for an LLP it would be by a contractual agreement between partners.
Thus LLP will have more flexibility as compared to a company or partnership and lesser compliance required.