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Importance of Handloom industry
Handloom industry is as old as our civilization and it is a living tradition
Handloom industry is a labour intensive and skilled industry. More than 43 lakh workers are engaged in Handloom and its allied activities
Handloom sector contributes 15% to the total cloth production in the country
Strength of the sector lies in
Flexibility of production
Openness to innovation
Adaptability to suppliers’ requirements
Wealth of the tradition
Their usage is also eco friendly, which is useful for reducing GHG emissions and achieving India’s INDC targets
1 metre of Khadi uses only 3 litres of water whereas 1 metre of mill cloth uses 55 litres of water
Khadi is slightly more traditional than handloom. In khadi, cloth is made by hand spinning and hand weaving; In Handloom, mill spun yarn can also be used
The weavers and spinners are not getting minimum wages
They do not have social security
Skilled workers (Handloom sector) are earning less than the unskilled workers. Hence they move to unskilled work in MGNREGA, rickshaw pulling etc.
Various schemes of the government are not being implemented properly
The handloom workers are not getting raw materials like threads, dyes etc. at affordable rates
When big orders come for exports, the traders get benefited rather than the artisans
Sometimes duplicate materials are being sold in the name of handlooms. The genuine skilled weavers are losing market on account of this
“India Handloom” brand will be given to entrepreneurs who provide good quality yarn, purity of design and abide by zero defects
Certain categories of clothes are reserved for handloom sector only
Incentives to cluster approach, technological up gradation, marketing promotion, revival of potentially viable societies through loan weavers, assistance and subsidised yarn, credit etc.
National Handloom Day – Aug 7. It was on August 7, 1905, the “Swadeshi Movemen”t was launched
What yet needs to be done?
Availability of handloom products online (E-commerce)
Popularizing handlooms (Branding & Marketing)
Direct wages to the bank accounts of weavers for govt schemes
Internal reorganization of the structure of the sector so that maximum benefits go to weavers and spinners instead of traders
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