It is a joint initiative by pan-IIT and IISc to develop a roadmap for research in India to solve major engineering and technology challenges in 10 technology domains.
What are the objectives of “IMPRINT India”?
Identify areas for innovation which are of immediate relevance to society
Direct scientific research into these identified areas
Higher funding support for the research
Measure the outcomes of research
What are the 10 technology domains?
IMPRINT India will focus on 10 themes each coordinated by one IIT/IISc.
Health care – IIT Kharagpur
Computer Science – IIT Kharagpur
Advance Materials – IIT Kanpur
Water Resources and River Systems – IIT Kanpur
Sustainable Urban Design – IIT Roorkee
Defence – IIT Madras
Manufacturing – IIT Madras
Nano-technology Hardware – IIT Bombay
Environmental Science and Climate Change – IISc, Bangalore
Energy Security – IIT Bombay
What are the challenges in higher education/research
India’s Gross Enrolment Ratio is less than the global GER. Quality of teachers is poor
Very few PhDs
Very low level PhDs
Good number of Indian PhDs from foreign universities do not teach in Indian universities because the UGC NET exam, which is compulsory for teaching, is seen as a barrier
Lack of high standard laboratories, libraries etc.
Best students from top institutions like IITs/IIMs are not opting for research in India, rather going abroad
Most of the Universities in India still remain as mere teaching institutions without taking to application
Competition and qualitative research among universities is poor, except for a few like JNU
Private institutions focus more on professional/vocational courses rather than on research
Peer reviews mechanism in research is missing in Indian universities
What needs to be done as a follow up?
Interaction between industry and university
Researches done by universities generally end up without implementation because of too much theoretical orientation or lack of relevance to industry requirements.
Signing MoUs with industry is not enough. Funding and implementation should also be taken up
Infrastructure and institution building
Incentives to research
Industrialists should come forward in establishing research oriented universities which can provide better salaries
Autonomy should be given to the universities in research
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