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IASbaba’s TLP 2016 [5th February]: UPSC Mains GS Questions [HOT]: Synopsis

  • IASbaba
  • February 6, 2016
  • 26
IASbaba's Hot Questions, IASbaba's Think Learn Perform 2016, IASbaba's TLP - 2016, Think Learn Perform (TLP)- 2016, UPSC Mains Answer Writing - 2016
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IASbaba’s TLP 2016 [5th February]: UPSC Mains GS Questions [HOT]: Synopsis

 

 

Do you think the constitutional ideals of equality and justice have been compromised by criminalising homosexuality in India? Discuss the issue in light of the controversy surrounding section 377 of the Indian Penal Code.

  • The first part of the question asks whether criminalizing homosexuality compromised the ideals of equality and justice, contained within the constitution. The answer can be written either of the way whether these ideals are compromised or not.
  • The introduction should contain the past pronouncements of Delhi High court and Honorable Supreme court and colonial legacy of section 377 of IPC.
  • The body of the answer should involve the issues regarding oppression of social and societal values of LGBT community. Explaining with article 14,15,19,21 under the constitution. Along with that mentioning the practices in different parts of the world will increase the maturity of the answer.
  • The conclusion should be comprehensively wisdom on either side providing justification for the same.

 

The focus of Start Up India must not be confined to the IT sector alone. Rather diversification and innovation should be brought in, to impart sustainability and wider reach to the initiative. Elucidate.

  • The question asks on diversification of Start up India program to different sections of the economy without confining it to the IT sector.
  • The introduction should involve the sections of the economy which is starved from the Start up INDIA program e.g Agriculture and allied activities, manufacturing sector, MSME etc
  • The body of the answer should contain the issues why the diversification is needed other than IT sector.
  • For eg the Start Up INDIA programme in Manufacturing sector can provide more jobs, import substitution. In Agriculture and allied activities the Start Up INDIA can provide value addition to the commodities etc
  • Even though IT sector takes major pie in the service sector, the trickledown effect is not much vibrant and non -inclusive this can be justified by quoting relevant statistics.
  • The Start Up INDIA programme can supplement for Make In INDIA, Digital INDIA etc which increases the pace of the economic activities, if program is more diversified rather than containing to IT sector itself.
  • Determining more FDI and investments to different sections of the economy. IT sector provides required momentum to carry forward the macro goal of Make in India and Digital India. However, the government shouldn’t restrict its support to start ups in research and development, pharma sector, biotech, unconventional jobs like being online educator, online chef or social sectors like education, sanitation, waste management, farming and more.
  • Design and IPR contributes significantly to the overall costs of any product presently.
  • Example – iPhone costs $500 ($7 – manufacturing, $174 –  components & subsystems, $321 – design and IPR)
  • It is important to include design and IPR generation as well as manufacturing in Make in India mission.
  • This will reduce the import bill and employ a significant number of Indian people in ‘Make in India’.
  • Diversification encourages both the technical as well as social sector and together has the potential to reach out to the neediest citizens. Innovation arises with the opportunity and motivation in form of hand-holding, capacity building and funding. The sustainability of the initiative rests with the frequent and periodic usage of the scheme. This will help to attain other goals of the government.
  • The conclusion should state the remuneration that the Start Up INDIA program pays if the program is more diversified to achieve the sustainable economic growth.

The problem of drug addiction has become a serious threat in many states of India. What in your opinion are the factors responsible for this menace? Does it portray a worrying picture of India’s internal security preparedness? Critically examine.

 

Factors responsible for the menace of drug trafficking:

  • Large scale unemployment and poverty leaves youth with a lot of unproductive time and they indulge themselves in anti-social activities.
  • Proximity to the largest producers of heroin and hashish-the Golden Triangle( a region between the borders of Myanmar, Laos, and Thailand) and Golden Crescent (Afghanistan-Pakistan-Iran)
  • gradual shift from traditional/natural drugs towards synthetic drugs
  • Disintegration of joint family system
  • absence of parental love
  • decline in religious and moral values
  • increased westernization
  • ease of availability as well as cheap rates of some drugs
  • cannabis products like ganja, charas, bhang have attained some amount of religious sanctity
  • presence of organized drug syndicates

Lacunae in India’s internal security:

  • lack of coordination among various security forces
  • trust deficit of the forces among the public
  • poor intelligence collection
  • lack of preparedness in the security agencies
  • obsolete technology with the forces as compared to the fraudsters

Overcoming the lacunae:

  • adopting a strategy of drug supply and demand reduction
  • enacting stringent laws
  • co-operating with voluntary organizations
  • securing borders and coasts by increasing surveillance
  • Seeking the active cooperation of neighbors and the international community.

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