# IASbaba ’60 Day Plan- Prelims Test 2016 GEOGRAPHY & CURRENT AFFAIRS [DAY 39]

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IASbaba ’60 Day Plan’ – Prelims Test 2016 [Day 39]

Q.1) Consider the following statements regarding ‘Halley’s Comet’:

1. It is visible on earth after every 76 years.
2. It revolves around the sun in elliptical orbit.
3. As it gets closer to the sun, it starts glowing due to burning of its particles.

Which of the above statements are correct?

a) 1 and 2

b) 2 and 3

c) 1 and 3

d) All of the above

Q.2) The Gravitational force between the two bodies is :

a) Directly proportional to their masses and inversely proportional to the distance between them

b) Directly proportional to the distance between them and inversely proportional to their masses

c) Directly proportional to the masses and distance between them

d) Inversely proportional to the masses and distance between them

Q.3) Communication satellites are usually launched in:

a) Polar orbit

b) Lunar orbit

c) Geostationary Orbit

d) No fixed orbit. They are moved as desired.

Q.4) As seen from the Earth, a solar eclipse is a type of eclipse that occurs when the Moon passes between the Sun and Earth, and the Moon fully or partially blocks (“occults”) the Sun. which of the following statements are correct about Solar Eclipse?

1. It can occur only at full moon when sun and moon are at conjunction.
2. The alignment of sun, moon and earth respectively in a straight line is called
3. During total solar eclipse, the complete moon’s shadow is called Penumbra.

Select the code from the following:

a) 1 only

b) 2 and 3

c) 1 and 3

d) All of the above

Q.5) The Sun is still extremely hot, whereas the planets are much cooler. Which of the answers gives the correct explanation?

a) The Sun burns hydrogen in its interior, whereas the planets supply of hydrogen has run out.

b) The Sun fuses hydrogen to helium, releasing energy, whereas the planets supply of hydrogen is less.

c) The Sun produces energy by fission reactions, whereas the planets were never hot enough to produce energy this way.

d) It is too cold deep inside the planets to have fusion reactions necessary to produce energy from hydrogen.

Q.6) Two moons of the same mass orbit a planet. The orbit of the Earth’s Moon is almost circular, but the orbits of the moons are much more complicated. What is the most likely reason for this?

a) The gravitational pull of the planet varies, changing their otherwise normal orbits.

b) The moons attract each other when they are close together, changing their normal orbits.

c) The inner moon has a circular orbit, affecting the other moon’s orbit.

d) The outer moon has a circular orbit, affecting the other moon’s orbit.

Q.7) Consider the following statements regarding satellite that has been placed in a low polar orbit:

1. The satellite is ideal to take weather and spying photographs.
2. The satellite takes 24 hours to complete one orbit, which means that it stays above the same point over the Earth.
3. The satellite orbit’s over both poles, whilst the Earth rotates at 90° to this direction beneath the satellite.
4. Each orbit only takes a few hours, which allows the whole surface of the Earth to be monitored in one day.

Which of the above statements are NOT correct?

a) 2 only

b) 1,3 and 4

c) 1 and 2

d) 2,3 and 4

Q.8) Which of the following phases of the Moon occur during a spring tide?

a) Crescent Moon and Gibbous Moon.

b) New Moon and Full Moon.

c) Half Moon.

d) New Moon, Half Moon and Full Moon.

Q.9) Consider the following:

1. The inner core of the earth is liquid while the outer core is solid.
2. The inner core mainly consists of an alloy of Iron, Aluminum and Manganese.
3. The inner and outer core is separated by Lehman Discontinuity.

Which of the above statements are correct?

a) 1 and 3

b) 1 and 2

c) 3 only

d) All of the above

Q.10) The Earth’s crust is an extremely thin layer of rock that makes up the outermost solid shell of our planet. It amounts to less than half of 1 percent of the planet’s total mass but plays a vital role in most of Earth’s natural cycles. Which of the statements are correct about Earth’s crust?

1. Continental crust is thicker than the oceanic crust.
2. Continental Crust, made up of granitic rock, is denser than the oceanic crust which is made up of Basaltic rock.
3. During Subduction, the continental crust, being denser, plunges under the oceanic crust.

Select the code from below:

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 2

c) 2 and 3

d) All of the above

Q.11) Consider the following statement:

1. Endogenetic forces are responsible for the formation of secondary landforms.
2. The energy emanating from within the earth is the main force behind endogenic geomorphic processes.
3. The energy in the interior of earth is due to radioactive decay and primordial heat from the origin of the earth.

Which of the above statements are correct?

a) 1 and 2

b) 2 and 3

c) 1 and 3

d) All of the above

Q.12) Consider the following statements:

1. Orogeny is a mountain building process whereas epeirogeny is continental building process.
2. Endogenetic forces act in horizontal direction in orogeny while they act in vertical direction in epeirogeny.

Which of the above statements are incorrect?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q.13) Which statement best describes motion on a normal fault?

a) The hanging wall block moved downward relative to the footwall block.

b) The hanging wall block moved upward relative to the footwall block.

c) The hanging wall block moved horizontally relative to the footwall block.

d) Faults are simple breaks in the crust along which no movement has occurred.

Q.14) Which of the following structures are the example of Aeolian landforms?

1. Mushroom rocks
2. Barchans
4. Gorge
5. Gully

Select the code from below:

a) 1 and 2

b) 3,4 and 5

c) 1,2 and 5

d) 2,3 and 4

Q.15) Consider the following statements:

1. Intrusive igneous rocks have larger crystal grains than extrusive igneous rocks.
2. Igneous rocks are always crystalline.
3. Igneous rocks are main source of fossils.

Which of the above statements are incorrect?

a) 1 only

b) 2 and 3

c) All of the above

d) None of the above

Q.16) Which among the following is the first ever inter-State river linking project since India’s independence?

a) Chambal-Yamuna project

d) Ken-Betwa project

Q.17) Which among the following is/are true about Djibouti?

1. Djibouti islands is located between Gulf of Suez and Red Sea
2. A military base in Djibouti along with major port development projects in Myanmar and Sri Lanka are defining the contours of China’s Maritime Silk Road
3. The Horn of Africa nation is strategically located on the junction of the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea

Choose the appropriate option:

a) 1 and 2

b) 2 and 3

c) 1 and 3

d) 1, 2 and 3

Q.18) Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding the Dedicated Freight Corridors (DFC) project?

1. The project aims to reduce the unit cost of transportation and speed up the freight train in India.
2. The Eastern DFC is funded by Japan while the Western DFC is funded by World Bank.
3. The freight trains in DFC will run completely on electricity, reducing the emission of Green house gases.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

a) 2 and 3 only

b) 1 and 3 only

c) 1 and 2 only

d) 1 only

Q.19) Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the Lists :

List-I    (Hydroelectric power station)              List-II (Location in the map)

1. Srisailam
2. Sabarigiri
3. Hirakud
4. Sileru

a) A B C D : 3 1 4 2

b) A B C D : 3 4 1 2

c) A B C D : 2 4 1 3

d) A B C D : 2 1 4 3

Q.20) According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), which region will be a big source of crude oil imports for India as country’s oil demand is set to increase to five million barrels per day by 2021?

a) Gulf region

b) The United States of America (USA)

c) Middle East region

d) Central Asia region

Q.21) Consider the following

1. French
2. Arabic
3. Spanish
4. Chinese

Which of the following is an official language of United Nations?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1, 3 and 4 only

d) 1, 2 3 and 4

Q.22) Consider the following

1. Argentina
2. Brazil
3. Marshall Islands
4. Nicaragua

Which of the countries are the members of MERCOSUR common market?

1. 1 and 2 only
2. 2, 3 and 4 only
3. 1, 3 and 4 only
4. All

Q.23) “Energy statistics report” is released by which of the following ministry

1. Ministry of Statistics and Programme
2. Ministry of Power
3. Ministry of New and Renewable energy
4. Ministry of Finance

Q.24) Consider the following

1. To study Pluto
2. To analyse Kupier belt
3. Space probe to study Solar flare

Select the correct option with respect to “New Horizon mission”

1. 1 and 2 only
2. 2 and 3 only
3. 1 and 3 only
4. All

Q.25) Consider the following

1. Down’s syndrome
2. Turner syndrome
3. Klinefelter syndrome

Which of the above chromosomal disorder is caused by the presence of extra chromosomes?

1. 1 and 2 only
2. 2 and 3 only
3. 1 and 3 only
4. All

P.S- Attempt these questions within 20 minutes with full honesty and write your results in the comment box. Next day, come back and check your result. You can also discuss the important concepts and issues, in case of doubts (among peers)

All the best

IASbaba

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