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IASbaba ’60 Day Plan- Prelims Test 2016 ENVIRONMENT & ECOLOGY & CURRENT AFFAIRS [DAY 60]

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IASbaba ’60 Day Plan’ – Prelims Test 2016 [Day 60]

 


Q.1) Which of the following are the causes for loss of biodiversity?

  1. Destruction of Habitat
  2. Invasion by alien species
  3. Keeping animals in Zoological parks
  4. Over exploitation of natural resources
  5. Climate change

Select the code from below:

  1. 1,2,3 and 4
  2. 1,2,4 and 5
  3. 1,4 and 5
  4. All of the above

Q.2) Consider the following statements regarding ‘Pitcher’ Plant:

  1. It is a carnivorous plant.
  2. It does not make its food through photosynthesis because of lack of nutrients.
  3. It is found in the Thar desert of India

Which of the above statement(s) are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. All of the above

Q.3) Consider the following National Park/Wild life Sanctuaries and the animals they are famous for:

National Park/ Sanctuary                                              Specie

  1. Kaziranga                                                                     One horned Rhinoceros
  2. Ranthambor                                                                Tiger
  3. Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary                                    Gharial
  4. Kutch wildlife Sanctuary                                          Asiatic wild Ass

Which of the above are correctly matched?

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 1,2 and 4
  3. 2,3 and 4
  4. All of the above

Q.4) Which of the following forests is known as the ‘Lungs of the Planet Earth’?

  1. Tundra forest
  2. Coniferous forests of Taiga
  3. Amazon Rain Forest
  4. Corals

Q.5) Which of the following groups exhibit more species diversity?

  1. Angiosperms
  2. Algae
  3. Bryophytes
  4. Fungi

Q.6) Sounds above which decibel level are considered as hazardous noise pollution?

  1. Above 80 dB
  2. Above 150 dB
  3. Above 30 dB
  4. Above 120 dB

Q.7) Competition for light, nutrients and space is most severe between:

  1. Closely related organisms growing in different Niches
  2. Closely related organisms growing in same niche
  3. Distantly related organisms growing in the same habitat
  4. Distantly related organisms growing in different niches

Q.8) Consider the following statements:

  1. Jet planes are a major contributor to Ozone depletion.
  2. Jet planes fly through the stratosphere making holes in ozone layer with immense force.

Which of the above statement are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.9) Bhopal Gas tragedy is one the worst chemical tragedies of India. It was caused due to leak of which of the following gas?

  1. Methyl isocyanate
  2. Uranium 235
  3. Ethyl isocyanate
  4. DDT

Q.10) Which of the following pyramids are upright in grassland ecosystems?

  1. Pyramid of numbers
  2. Energy Pyramid

Select the code from below:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.11) Homeostasis means:

  1. Tendency of biological systems to change with change in environment.
  2. The ability to maintain steady state with changing environment.
  3. Disturbance of self regulatory system and natural controls.
  4. Biotic materials used in Homeopathic medicines.

Q.12) Consider the following statements regarding ‘Humus’

  1. Humus is finely divided semi-decomposed organic material.
  2. It helps in binding the minerals(positive ions) in the soil and make them available to the roots of the plants.
  3. Humus is found in ‘O’ and ‘A’ layer of the soil.

Which of the above statements are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 3
  3. 2 and 3
  4. All of the above

Q.13) Earlier royalty used to eat in silver wares. Which of the following metal poisoning was sometimes caused due to that?

  1. Silver poisoning
  2. Lead poisoning
  3. Copper poisoning
  4. Arsenic poisoning

Q.14) Consider the following statements:

  1. Texture of soil is determined by the size of the soil particles.
  2. Soil texture determines the water holding capacity of the soil.

Which of the above statements are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.15) Ultraviolet radiations from sunlight cause a reaction that produces:

  1. Fluorides
  2. Ozone
  3. Nitrogen dioxide
  4. Sulphur dioxide

Q.16) Which of the below statements about Ganges River Dolphin is/are correct?

  1. The Ganges River Dolphinis also known as the “Susu” or “Soons” is an endemic fauna of the Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Meghna river systems.
  2. They are often known as the “Tiger of Indian Rivers”, the river dolphin is an indicator animal and has the same position in a river ecosystem as a tiger in a forest, its presence indicating a sign of a healthy river ecosystem.

Select the correct code:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.17) Consider the following statements:

Assertion (A): The coral reefs are called as rainforests of the oceans.

Reason (R): The coral reefs are more diverse than the tropical rainforests because the coral reefs have about 1,000,000 species

Choose the correct answer:

  1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
  2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
  3. A is true but R is false
  4. A is false but R is true

Q.18) Which among the following statement(s) is/are not true in regard to coral bleaching?

  1. Coral bleaching refers to loss of algae from the corals resulting in the white colour of corals which is indicative of death of corals.
  2. Siltation has been reported as the major factor of coral bleaching.
  3. El Nino phenomenon also contributes to coral bleaching.

Select the correct code:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 3 only
  4. None

Q.19) Consider the following statements in regard to Compost:

  1. Greens have more nitrogen in them.
  2. Nitrogen is a critical element in amino acids and proteins, and can be thought of as a protein source for the billions of multiplying microbes.
  3. A good mix of browns and greens is the best nutritional balance for the microbes, however browns often need to be moistened before they are put into a compost system.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 2 and 3 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 2 only
  4. All of the above

Q.20) Recently, environmentalists and ecologists have given high importance to Social forestry programme and a lot of debates focusing on Eucalyptus. Which among the following is true in regard to it?

  1. Social forestry refers to the concept of planting trees and pasture development on village common lands, roadside and along railways, commonly in non-forest areas for the benefit of the society.
  2. Eucalyptus is grown extensively under this programme as its cultivation has proved to be an ecological friendly.
  3. This is because other plants can grow near Eucalyptus trees and they take up very less ground water and soil nutrients.

Select the correct code:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. All of the above

Q.21) Helsinki Conference was associated with:

  1. Conference on Environment and Cooperation in Europe, was an effort to reduce environmental tensions between the Russia and Western blocs
  2. INDCs – Intended Nationally Determined Contributions – UNFCCC
  3. To upend current barriers to sharing clinical data and insights on Nature Biotechnology
  4. Elimination of CFC that causes ozone depletion

Q.22) Consider the following statements in regard to AGMARK and FPO mark. Choose the incorrect answer:

  1. AGMARK is a certification mark employed on agricultural products in India, assuring that they conform to a set of standards approved by the Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC)
  2. The AGMARK is legally enforced in India by the Agricultural Produce (Grading and Marking) Act
  3. The FPO mark is a certification mark mandatory on all processed fruit products sold in India, following the Food Safety and Standards Act of 2006
  4. The agency that develops standards for this purpose and that which issues the FPO mark is the Ministry of Food Processing Industries of the Government of India

Q.23) Which among the following is correct about Indian monsoon rainfall?

  1. The Indian summer monsoon rainfall is influenced by a system of oscillating sea surface temperatures known as the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) in which the western Indian Ocean becomes alternately warmer and then colder than the eastern part of the ocean.
  2. A positive IOD occurs when the sea surface temperatures are greater than normal in the Arabian Sea and less than normal in the tropical eastern Indian Ocean. When the reverse is the case, a negative IOD is said to have developed.
  3. A positive IOD leads to greater monsoon rainfall and more active (above normal rainfall) monsoon days while negative IOD leads to less rainfall and more monsoon break days (no rainfall).
  4. All of the above

Q.24) Choose the incorrect answer:

  1. Harike Wildlife Sanctuary – NH 15
  2. Dara wildlife Sanctuary – NH 12
  3. Gautam Budha Wildlife Sanctuary – NH 5
  4. Bandipur National Park – NH-67 and NH-212

Q.25) Consider the following differences between Crocodile and Aligator. Select the incorrect statement.

  1. Alligators have wider, U-shaped snouts, while crocodile front ends are more pointed and V-shaped.
  2. Alligators tend to live in saltwater habitats, while crocodiles hang out in freshwater marshes and lakes.
  3. In alligators, the upper jaw is wider than the lower jaw and completely overlaps it. Therefore, when mouth closed, only the top teeth are visible.
  4. In crocodiles, the upper jaw and lower jaw are approximately the same width, and so both the top and bottom teeth are visible when mouth is closed.

Q.26) ‘Drachma’ is the currency of—

  1. Australia
  2. Denmark
  3. Greece
  4. Netherland

Q.27) Consider the following components:

  1. Aadhaar penetration
  2. Basic bank account penetration
  3. Banking Correspondents (BC) density

Choose the correct option that forms the indicator of JAM Preparedness Index—

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. All of the above

Q.28) Global Hunger Index Report is published by—

  1. FAO
  2. IMF
  3. International Food Policy Research Institute
  4. World Economic Forum

Q.29) This ‘navy vessel’ is the first open-ocean voyage of the Navy’s all-woman crew—

  1. Vaidehi
  2. Mhadei
  3. Padmavati
  4. Rudramma

Q.30) Consider the following schemes:

  1. Hamari Dharohar
  2. KIRAN
  3. USTAAD
  4. Nai Manzil

Select the correct option that depicts schemes designed for the minority communities of India—

  1. 2 and 3
  2. 1, 2 and 3
  3. 1, 2 and 4
  4. 1, 3 and 4

 

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